Asim Munir Akhtar

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The pathogenesis of stroke is multifactorial, and inflammation is thought to have a critical function in lesion progression at early time points. Detection of inflammatory processes associated with cerebral ischemia would be greatly beneficial in both designing individual therapeutic strategies and monitoring outcome. We have recently developed a new(More)
Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) currently requires lesion identification by gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced or T(2)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, these methods only identify late-stage pathology associated with blood-brain barrier breakdown. There is a growing belief that more widespread, but currently undetectable, pathology is present(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is upregulated in ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), persisting after restoration of blood flow. We hypothesized that microparticles of iron oxide targeting VCAM-1 (VCAM-MPIO) would depict "ischemic memory" and enable in vivo assessment of VCAM-1 expression. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS Mice(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular injury results in loss of endothelial nitric oxide (NO), production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the initiation of an inflammatory response. Both NO and ROS modulate inflammation through redox-sensitive pathways. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) that regulates(More)
Angiogenesis is an essential component of tumour growth and, consequently, an important target both therapeutically and diagnostically. The cell adhesion molecule α(v)β(3) integrin is a specific marker of angiogenic vessels and the most prevalent vascular integrin that binds the amino acid sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD). Previous studies(More)
AIMS Structural valve deterioration (SVD) limits the long-term durability of homograft aortic valve replacement (AVR). Valves are implanted predominantly using two techniques, the free-hand sub-coronary (SC) technique or aortic root replacement (RR). Our objective was to identify risk factors associated with the development of SVD or ascending aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE Homograft aortic valve replacement is associated with excellent clinical and hemodynamic outcomes. Valves are implanted predominantly by using 2 techniques: the freehand subcoronary technique or as an aortic root replacement. Our aim was to identify any difference in survival, durability, and clinical performance. METHODS Demographic, operative,(More)
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit that affects almost all teenagers. Different treatments offer different modes of action, but aim to target acne pathology. Topical therapies, such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, antibiotics with alcohol-based preparations, and salicylic acid, can cause skin irritation resulting in a lack of(More)
The rapidly evolving field of molecular imaging promises important advances in the diagnosis, characterization and pharmacological treatment of vascular disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a modality that is well suited to vascular imaging as it can provide anatomical, structural and functional data on the arterial wall. Its capabilities are(More)
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