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SSDs exhibit very different failure characteristics compared to hard drives. In particular, the bit error rate (BER) of an SSD climbs as it receives more writes. As a result, RAID arrays composed from SSDs are subject to correlated failures. By balancing writes evenly across the array, RAID schemes can wear out devices at similar times. When a device in the(More)
Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are extensively used in image and video recognition, natural language processing and other machine learning applications. The success of CNNs in these areas corresponds with a significant increase in the number of parameters and computation costs. Recent approaches towards reducing these overheads involve pruning and(More)
Hardware devices can fail, but many drivers assume they do not. When confronted with real devices that misbehave, these assumptions can lead to driver or system failures. While major operating system and device vendors recommend that drivers detect and recover from hardware failures, we find that there are many drivers that will crash or hang when a device(More)
Machine learning methods, such as SVM and neural networks, often improve their accuracy by using models with more parameters trained on large numbers of examples. Building such models on a single machine is often impractical because of the large amount of computation required. We introduce MALT, a machine learning library that integrates with existing(More)
Device drivers are the single largest contributor to operating-system kernel code with over 5 million lines of code in the Linux kernel, and cause significant complexity, bugs and development costs. Recent years have seen a flurry of research aimed at improving the reliability and simplifying the development of drivers. However, little is known about what(More)
Blizzard is a high-performance block store that exposes cloud storage to cloud-oblivious POSIX and Win32 applications. Blizzard connects clients and servers using a network with full-bisection bandwidth, allowing clients to access any remote disk as fast as if it were local. Using a novel striping scheme, Blizzard exposes high disk parallelism to both(More)
Virtual machine migration greatly aids management by allowing flexible provisioning of resources and decommissioning of hardware for maintenance. However, efforts to improve network performance by granting virtual machines direct access to hardware currently prevent migration. This occurs because (1) theVMMcannot migrate the state of the device, and (2) the(More)
Device-driver development and testing is a complex and error-prone undertaking. For example, testing errorhandling code requires simulating faulty inputs from the device. A single driver may support dozens of devices, and a developer may not have access to any of them. Consequently, many Linux driver patches include the comment “compile tested only.”(More)
Recovering faults in drivers is difficult compared to other code because their state is spread across both memory and a device. Existing driver fault-tolerance mechanisms either restart the driver and discard its state, which can break applications, or require an extensive logging mechanism to replay requests and recreate driver state. Even logging may be(More)
A stability indicating UPLC method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of atorvastatin, fenofibrate and their impurities in tablets. The chromatographic separation was performed on acquity UPLC BEH C18 column (1.7 microm, 2.1 mmx100 mm) using gradient elution of acetonitrile and ammonium acetate buffer (pH 4.7; 0.01 M) at flow(More)