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BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass can be associated with vasodilatory hypotension requiring pressor support. We have previously found arginine vasopressin to be a remarkably effective pressor in a variety of vasodilatory shock states. We investigated the incidence and clinical predictors of vasodilatory shock in a general population of cardiac surgical(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of our study was to conduct an evidence-based evaluation of stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Stress cardiac MRI has recently emerged as a noninvasive method in the detection of CAD, with 2 main techniques in use: 1) perfusion imaging; and 2) stress-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke complicates the postoperative course in 1% to 6% of patients undergoing coronary revascularization. There has been no large scale mandatory database reporting on the incidence of stroke after coronary revascularization. METHODS A multicenter regional database from the Bureau of Health Care Research Information Services, New York State(More)
BACKGROUND Vasodilatory shock requiring catecholamine pressors occurs in some patients following cardiopulmonary bypass. Prompted by a clinical observation, we investigated the use of vasopressin as a treatment for this syndrome in a randomized, controlled trial. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients undergoing placement of a left ventricular assist device (n=23)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to compare localization of the language cortex using cortical stimulation mapping (CSM), high gamma electrocorticography (hgECoG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS Language mapping using CSM, hgECoG, fMRI, and TMS were compared in nine patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-field-strength intraoperative MR imaging has emerged as a powerful adjunct for resection of brain tumors. However, its exact role has not been firmly established. We sought to determine the impact of 3T-intraoperative MRI on the surgical management of childhood CNS tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated patient data from a(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vascular resistance is often elevated in patients with congestive heart failure, and in those undergoing left ventricular assist device (LVAD) insertion, it may precipitate right ventricular failure and hemodynamic collapse. Because the effectiveness of inotropic and vasodilatory agents is limited by systemic effects, right ventricular(More)
Severe pulmonary hypertension and right-sided circulatory failure (RSCF) represent an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery. Increased pulmonary vascular resistance in the setting of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may further lead to decrease blood flow across the pulmonary vascular bed; thereby(More)
OBJECTIVE The h-index was introduced as a means of quantifying the contribution a researcher makes to the scientific literature. We evaluated the h-index for academic neurosurgeons to assess the various methods of calculation and to determine whether the h-index can be used to differentiate groups of individuals by various classifications. METHODS The(More)
Mobile devices have fundamentally changed personal computing, with many people forgoing the desktop and even laptop computer altogether in favor of a smaller, lighter, and cheaper device with a touch screen. Doctors and patients are beginning to expect medical images to be available on these devices for consultative viewing, if not actual diagnosis.(More)