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Low voltage-activated (T-type) calcium currents are observed in many central and peripheral neurons and display distinct physiological and functional properties. Using in situ hybridization, we have localized central and peripheral nervous system expression of three transcripts (alpha1G, alpha1H, and alpha1I) of the T-type calcium channel family (CaVT).(More)
Low voltage-activated Ca2+ channels play important roles in pacing neuronal firing and producing network oscillations, such as those that occur during sleep and epilepsy. Here we describe the cloning and expression of the third member of the T-type family, alpha1I or CavT.3, from rat brain. Northern analysis indicated that it is predominantly expressed in(More)
Voltage-activated Ca2+ channels exist as multigene families that share common structural features. Different Ca2+ channels are distinguished by their electrophysiology and pharmacology and can be classified as either low or high voltage-activated channels. Six alpha1 subunit genes cloned previously code for high voltage-activated Ca2+ channels; therefore,(More)
The molecular diversity of voltage-activated calcium channels was established by studies showing that channels could be distinguished by their voltage-dependence, deactivation and single-channel conductance. Low-voltage-activated channels are called 'T' type because their currents are both transient (owing to fast inactivation) and tiny (owing to small(More)
Expression of rat alpha1G, human alpha1H and rat alpha1I subunits of voltage-activated Ca2 + channels in HEK-293 cells yields robust Ca2 + inward currents with 1.25 mM Ca2 + as the charge carrier. Both similarities and marked differences are found between their biophysical properties. Currents induced by expression of alpha1G show the fastest activation and(More)
Low voltage-activated T-type calcium channels are encoded by a family of at least three genes, with additional diversity created by alternative splicing. This study describes the cloning of the human brain alpha1G, which is a novel isoform, Ca(v)3.1c. Comparison of this sequence to genomic sequences deposited in the GenBank allowed us to identify the(More)
Inhibition of T-type Ca(2+) channels has been proposed to play a role in the therapeutic action of succinimide antiepileptic drugs. Despite the widespread acceptance of this hypothesis, recent studies using rat and cat neurons have failed to confirm inhibition of T-type currents at therapeutically relevant concentrations. The present study re-examines this(More)
This study was designed to characterize a heparin-derived oligosaccharide (HDO), C3, using chemical and biochemical methods. Although previous studies have suggested C3 as a promising compound in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), its molecular and biochemical properties are still unknown. In this study, the molecular profiles and anticoagulant(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a potent myeloid mitogen, and the immunosuppressive prostanoid prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are elevated following thermal injury and sepsis. We have previously demonstrated that bone marrow myeloid commitment shifts toward monocytopoiesis and away from granulocytopoiesis during thermal injury and sepsis and that PGE2 plays a central role(More)
A synthetic pentasaccharide (SR90107/ ORG31540) representing the antithrombin III (ATIII) binding sequence in heparin is under clinical development for the prophylaxis and management of venous thromboembolism. This pentasaccharide exhibits potent anti-factor Xa (AXa) effects (>750 IU/mg) and does not exhibit any anti-factor IIa (AIIa) activity. Previous(More)