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We compared the response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to carbon (glucose) and nitrogen (ammonia) limitation in chemostat cultivation at the proteome level. Protein levels were differentially quantified using unlabeled and 15N metabolically labeled yeast cultures. A total of 928 proteins covering a wide range of isoelectric points, molecular weights and(More)
B cells play an essential role in the immune response. Upon activation they may differentiate into plasma cells that secrete specific antibodies against potentially pathogenic non-self antigens. To identify the cellular proteins that are important for efficient production of these antibodies we set out to study the B cell differentiation process at the(More)
E2F transcription factors are thought to be key regulators of cell growth control. Here we use mutant mouse strains to investigate the function of E2F1 and E2F2 in vivo. E2F1/E2F2 compound-mutant mice develop nonautoimmune insulin-deficient diabetes and exocrine pancreatic dysfunction characterized by endocrine and exocrine cell dysplasia, a reduction in(More)
E2F transcription factors control diverse biological processes through regulation of target gene expression. However, the mechanism by which this regulation is established, and the relative contribution of each E2F member are still poorly defined. We have investigated the role of E2F2 in regulating cellular proliferation. We show that E2F2 is required for(More)
E2F transcription factors (E2F1-8) are best known for their role in cell proliferation, although it is clear that they regulate many other biological processes through the transcriptional modulation of distinct target genes. However, the specific set of genes regulated by each E2F remains to be characterized. To gain insight into the molecular pathways(More)
A method based in two-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis has been developed in order to improve the analysis of genetic relationships among populations of Globodera. It has been used to estimate genetic divergence among nine Globodera pallida nematode populations. Sixty-one anonymous polypeptide spots were resolved using silver-stained high-resolution(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is major cytokine involved in T cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Association between IL-2 and its receptor (IL-2R), triggers activation of complex signaling cascade governed by tyrosine phosphorylation that culminates in transcription of genes involved in modulation of the immune response. The complete characterization(More)
E2F transcription factors control the expression of genes involved in a variety of essential cellular processes and consequently their activity needs to be tightly regulated. Protein-protein interactions are thought to be key modulators of E2F activity. To gain insight into the mechanisms that regulate the activity of E2F2, we searched for novel proteins(More)
MOTIVATION Leucine-rich nuclear export signals (NESs) are short amino acid motifs that mediate binding of cargo proteins to the nuclear export receptor CRM1, and thus contribute to regulate the localization and function of many cellular proteins. Computational prediction of NES motifs is of great interest, but remains a significant challenge. RESULTS We(More)
This paper describes a novel fabrication process based on successive wafer-level bonding and releasing steps for stacking several patterned layers of the negative photoresist EPON SU-8. This work uses a polyimide film to enhance previous low temperature bonding technology. The film acts as a temporary substrate where the SU-8 is photopatterned. The poor(More)