Learn More
BACKGROUND Optimal hydration measures to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy are controversial. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using the MEDLINE database (1966 to January 2008), EMBASE (January 2008), and abstracts from conference proceedings. SETTING & POPULATION Adult patients undergoing contrast procedures. (More)
The Family Investigation of Nephropathy and Diabetes (FIND) was initiated to map genes underlying susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. A total of 11 centers participated under a single collection protocol to recruit large numbers of diabetic sibling pairs concordant and discordant for diabetic nephropathy. We report the findings from the first-phase(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is common in hospitalized older people and may predict adverse outcomes. Previous studies of the relationship between nutritional status and hospital outcomes are limited by inadequate accounting for other potential predictors of adverse outcomes, the failure to consider functional outcomes, and the omission of clinical assessments(More)
CONTEXT High dietary phosphorus intake has deleterious consequences for renal patients and is possibly harmful for the general public as well. To prevent hyperphosphatemia, patients with end-stage renal disease limit their intake of foods that are naturally high in phosphorus. However, phosphorus-containing additives are increasingly being added to(More)
BACKGROUND Without family caregivers, many frail elders who live at home would require nursing home care. However, providing care to frail elders requires a large time commitment that may interfere with the caregiver's ability to work. Our goal was to determine the patient and caregiver characteristics associated with the reduction of employment hours in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Addition of aldosterone antagonists (AA) might provide renal benefits to proteinuric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients over and above the inhibition of renin-angiotensin system blockers (RAS). We evaluated the benefits and harms of adding selective and nonselective AA in CKD patients already on RAS. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
CONTEXT A lack of awareness about entitled health and social services may contribute to poor delivery of such services in developing countries, especially among individuals of low socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of informing resource-poor rural populations about entitled services. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS(More)
Medication adherence is essential for the survival of kidney grafts, however, the complexity of the medication-taking regimen makes adherence difficult. Little is known about barriers to medication-taking and strategies to foster medication-taking. This cross-sectional study involved semi-structured interviews with 82 kidney transplant recipients(More)
OBJECTIVE Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) is a nutrition assessment tool recommended by the 2000 NKF K/DOQI Nutrition Guidelines. However, the validity and reliability of this tool have not been established in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The purpose of this observational study was to determine the reliability and validity of SGA in the HD population.(More)
Because hemodialysis treatment has a limited ability to remove phosphorus, dialysis patients must restrict dietary phosphorus intake and use phosphorus binding medication. Among patients with restricted dietary phosphorus intake (1000 mg/d), phosphorus binders must bind about 250 mg of excess phosphorus per day and among patients with more typical(More)