Ashwin D'Costa

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Spinal motoneurons (MNs) in the chick embryo undergo programmed cell death coincident with the establishment of nerve-muscle connections and the onset of synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction. Chronic treatment of embryos during this period with nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-blocking agents [e.g., curare or alpha-bungarotoxin(More)
Distributed signal processing techniques for classification of objects are studied assuming knowledge of sensor measurement statistics. The spatio-temporal signal field generated by an object is modeled as a bandlimited stationary ergodic Gaussian field. The model suggests a simple abstraction of correlation between node measurements: it partitions the(More)
Although growth hormone secretion decreases with age in both animals and man, its potential role in the regulation of biological aging is unknown. In a series of experiments, age-related changes in growth hormone secretory dynamics were compared in ad libitum fed and moderately calorically restricted male Brown-Norway rats. These animals exhibit an increase(More)
Receptor binding and gene expression of several members of the IGF gene family were examined in the rat brain following lesion of the hippocampal dentate gyrus granular cells by intradentate colchicine injection. Dentate granular cell loss was accompanied by extensive reactive gliosis in the lesioned hippocampus and damaged overlying cortex, as verified by(More)
It has been established that consumption of alcohol during pregnancy has profound developmental and behavioral effects on the fetus and offspring. The present studies were undertaken to examine the consequences of in utero ethanol exposure on the regulation of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in relation to observed somatic growth deficits. Ad libitum,(More)
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily that has been shown previously to promote the survival and/or differentiation of rat cerebellar granule neurons and human retinoblastoma cells in vitro. However, in contrast to most serpins, PEDF has no inhibitory activity against any known proteases,(More)
During development of the avian neuromuscular system, lumbar spinal motoneurons (MNs) innervate their muscle targets in the hindlimb coincident with the onset and progression of MN programmed cell death (PCD). Paralysis (activity blockade) of embryos during this period rescues large numbers of MNs from PCD. Because activity blockade also results in enhanced(More)
This study demonstrated species differences in IGF-1 and IGF-2 receptor binding and localization in the hippocampus of the rat and mouse. Competition binding studies indicated that there were no differences in the relative binding affinities for the type 1 or type 2 receptors between the brains of these animals. These results suggested that the observed(More)
The decrease in tissue function that is observed in ageing animals has been linked to the decline in rates of protein synthesis. These changes may be caused, in part, by reduced secretion of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). It is well established that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and somatostatin have an important(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is an anabolic hormone that mediates the actions of growth hormone (GH) and is found at lower concentrations in aged animals. These decreases in GH and IGF-1 appear to have important physiological consequences for aging, since protein synthesis decreases with age, and administration of GH and/or IGF-1 has been shown to(More)