Ashutosh Sharma

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In economically developed countries, mortality increases distinctly during winter. Many causes have been suggested, including light-dark cycles, temperature/weather, and infectious agents. The authors analyzed monthly mortality in the United States during the period 1959-1999 for four major disease classes. The authors isolated the seasonal component of(More)
Small increases in ambient temperature can elicit striking effects on plant architecture, collectively termed thermomorphogenesis [1]. In Arabidopsis thaliana, these include marked stem elongation and leaf elevation, responses that have been predicted to enhance leaf cooling [2-5]. Thermomorphogenesis requires increased auxin biosynthesis, mediated by the(More)
A novel method for the direct fabrication of arrays of micropatterned polymeric and carbon nanofiber structures on any substrate is developed. First SU-8, an epoxy-based negative photoresist, is electrospun under optimized conditions to produce a layer of polymeric nanofibers. Next, this nanofibrous mat is micropatterned using photolithography, and finally,(More)
The objective was to evaluate the transdermal delivery of the 5-HT(1B/1D) agonist, sumatriptan from an iontophoretic patch system, in vivo. Initial in vitro experiments were conducted to optimize formulation parameters prior to iontophoretic delivery in Yorkshire swine. It was found in vitro that increasing drug load in the patch from 9.7 to 39 mg had no(More)
NADPH oxidase (NOX) is a key player in the network of reactive oxygen species (ROS) producing enzymes. It catalyzes the production of superoxide (O2(-)), that in turn regulates a wide range of biological functions in a broad range of organisms. Plant Noxes are known as respiratory burst oxidase homologs (Rbohs) and are homologs of catalytic subunit of(More)
Natural adhesives in the feet of different arthropods and vertebrates show strong adhesion as well as excellent reusability. Whereas the hierarchical structures on the surface are known to have a substantial effect on adhesion, the role of subsurface structures such as the network of microchannels has not been studied. Inspired by these bioadhesives, we(More)
Despite considerable research to develop carbon based materials for biomedical applications, the toxicity of carbon remains a major concern. In order to address this issue as well as to investigate the cell fate processes of neural cells from the perspective of neural tissue engineering applications, the in vitro cytocompatibility of polyacrylonitrile (PAN)(More)
We demonstrate a new method for the fabrication of free-standing mats of mesoporous ZnO nanofibers by electrospinning a blend of zinc acetate with a carrier polymer, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) in N,N-dimethyl-formamide (DMF) solvent. Decomposition of PAN by calcination produces porous ZnO nanofibers with fiber diameters in the range of 50-150 nm depending on(More)
The surface modified and aligned mesoporous anatase titania nanofiber mats (TiO2-NF) have been fabricated by electrospinning for esterified cholesterol detection by electrochemical technique. The electrospinning and porosity of mesoporous TiO2-NF were controlled by use of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a sacrificial carrier polymer in the titanium(More)
Self-organized polymer patterns resulting from the evaporation of an organic solvent drop on a soluble layer of polymer are investigated. The patterns can be modulated by changing the rate of evaporation and also the rate of substrate dissolution controlled by its solubility. Both of these affect the contact zone motion and its instabilities, leading to(More)