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We report a likely candidate gene, CcTFL1, for determinacy in pigeonpea through candidate gene sequencing analysis, mapping, QTL analysis together with comparative genomics and expression profiling. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important legume crop grown on ~5 million hectares globally. Determinacy is an agronomically important trait(More)
A statistical technique X-IDDQ for extracting defect information from IDDQ data is presented that is effective for detection of defects in ICs. The technique treats the IDDQ measurements in a holistic manner to come up with a statistic X that is highly correlated to the presence of defects. X-IDDQ facilitates binning of ICs and enhances the test process by(More)
Natural adhesives in the feet of different arthropods and vertebrates show strong adhesion as well as excellent reusability. Whereas the hierarchical structures on the surface are known to have a substantial effect on adhesion, the role of subsurface structures such as the network of microchannels has not been studied. Inspired by these bioadhesives, we(More)
BACKGROUND Chloronitrophenols (CNPs) are widely used in the synthesis of dyes, drugs and pesticides, and constitute a major group of environmental pollutants. 4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol (4C2NP) is an isomer of CNPs that has been detected in various industrial effluents. A number of physicochemical methods have been used for treatment of wastewater containing(More)
The impact factor of journals has been widely used as glory quotients. Despite its limitations, this citation metric is widely used to reflect scientific merit and standing in one's field. Apart from the impact factor, other bibliometric indicators are also available but are not as popular among decision makers. These indicators are the immediacy index and(More)
A novel method for the direct fabrication of arrays of micropatterned polymeric and carbon nanofiber structures on any substrate is developed. First SU-8, an epoxy-based negative photoresist, is electrospun under optimized conditions to produce a layer of polymeric nanofibers. Next, this nanofibrous mat is micropatterned using photolithography, and finally,(More)
A general unified theory of field (van der Waals, electric, etc.)-induced surface instabilities in thin viscoelastic films that accounts for a destabilizing field and stabilizing effects of elastic strain and surface energy is presented. The present theory seamlessly covers the instability and its different regimes in films ranging from elastic to viscous,(More)
We investigate the creation of large area mesoscale structures by controlling the dewetting pathways of thin polymer films on physically heterogeneous substrates comprising a two-dimensional (2-D) array of square pillars. Depending on the initial configuration and thickness of the film, dewetting produces a variety of both ordered and disordered structures.(More)
A B S T R A C T We demonstrate a simple, efficient and novel self-assembly based method to fabricate arrays of suspended polymeric nanofibers of polyacrylonitrile and SU-8 negative photore-sist by electrospinning on micro-fabricated posts of resorcinol–formaldehyde (RF) gel. The suspended electrospun nanofibers together with the RF gel posts were(More)