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Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) genome RNA is transcribed and replicated by the virus-encoded RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and specific cellular proteins play a regulatory role in these processes. To search for cellular proteins potentially interacting with HPIV3 cis-acting regulatory RNAs, a gel mobility shift assay was used. Two cellular(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of tolerance, toxicity, and feasibility of combining large fraction (5 Gy) radiotherapy with 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG), an inhibitor of glucose transport and glycolysis, which has been shown to differentially inhibit repair of radiation damage in cancer cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with supratentorial glioma (Grade 3/4),(More)
An RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is packaged within the virions of purified vesicular stomatitis virus, a nonsegmented negative-strand RNA virus, which carries out transcription of the genome RNA into mRNAs both in vitro and in vivo. The RNA polymerase is composed of two virally encoded polypeptides: a large protein L (240 kDa) and a phosphoprotein P (29(More)
Phosphorylation by casein kinase II at three specific residues (S-60, T-62, and S-64) within the acidic domain I of the P protein of Indiana serotype vesicular stomatitis virus has been shown to be critical for in vitro transcription activity of the viral RNA polymerase (P-L) complex. To examine the role of phosphorylation of P protein in transcription as(More)
We have previously shown that phosphorylation of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) phosphoprotein P by cellular protein kinase activity is an essential prerequisite for its transcriptional function. We have now purified this protein kinase by monitoring its ability to phosphorylate bacterially expressed, unphosphorylated P protein. Biochemical studies showed(More)
The interaction of the nucleocapsid protein N and the phosphoprotein NS of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) was studied, free of other viral proteins, by transcription from SP6 vectors, followed by translation in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate. N-NS complex formation depended strongly on cotranslation of the two proteins; when N and NS were mixed following(More)
The human parainfluenza virus type 3 P protein is an RNA polymerase subunit involved in both transcription and replication during the life cycle of the virus. Our laboratory has recently shown that the P protein is phosphorylated both in vitro and in vivo by the cellular protein kinase C (PKC) isoform zeta and that this phosphorylation is essential for(More)
We previously reported specific interaction of cellular glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the key glycolytic enzyme, and La protein, the RNA polymerase III transcription factor, with the cis-acting RNAs of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) and packaging of these proteins within purified virions (B. P. De, S. Gupta, H. Zhao, J. Z.(More)
The terminal RNA regions of the genomic and antigenomic RNAs of the paramyxoviruses and rhabdoviruses are known to contain sequences essential for directing RNA replication and transcription. The 3' terminus (leader region) of the negative-sense, genomic RNA of the rhabdoviruses and paramyxoviruses is known as the leader (Le) promoter and directs synthesis(More)
The phosphoprotein (P) gene of rabies virus (CVS strain) was cloned and expressed in bacteria. The purified protein was used as the substrate for phosphorylation by the protein kinase(s) present in cell extract prepared from rat brain. Two distinct types of protein kinases, staurosporin sensitive and heparin sensitive, were found to phosphorylate the P(More)