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OBJECTIVE This study was designed to more precisely characterize the changes in exposure achieved by modifying the standard transoral approach by sequential mandibulotomy and mandibuloglossotomy with or without palatotomy. METHODS A series of cadaveric dissections was performed and the operative distance and angle of exposure in both axial and sagittal(More)
OBJECTIVE Adequate control of intractable epilepsy continues to be a challenge. Little is known about the role of VNS therapy in intractable epilepsy in patients who failed to respond to surgical management. The objective of the present study is to determine the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation therapy in patients with intractable epilepsy who have(More)
Although the transsphenoidal approach is the preferred approach to the vast majority of pituitary tumors with or without suprasellar extension, the transcranial approach remains a vital part of the neurosurgical armamentarium for 1 to 4% of these tumors. The transcranial approach is effective when resection becomes necessary for a portion of a pituitary(More)
BACKGROUND The transoral approach provides the most direct exposure to extradural lesions of the ventral craniovertebral junction. Lesions that extend beyond the exposure provided by the standard transoral approach require an extended transoral modification. The exposure can be expanded in the sagittal and axial planes by adding mandibulotomy,(More)
BACKGROUND Long-standing debate continues about the management and biopsy of pineal tumors because of their complex microsurgical anatomy and deep location. Inspired by the concept of biopsy under direct visualization in the absence of hydrocephalus, we explored the effectiveness of neuroendoscope outside of its traditional territory using a new minimally(More)
OBJECT Historically, surgery to the petrous apex has been addressed via craniotomy and open microscopic anterior petrosectomy (OAP). However, with the popularization of endoscopic approaches, the petrous apex can further be approached endonasally by way of an endoscopic endonasal anterior petrosectomy (EAP). Endonasal anterior petrosectomy is a relatively(More)
The posterior clinoid process, a bony prominence at the superolateral aspect of the dorsum sellae, has a strategic importance in a transcavernous approach to basilar tip aneurysms. To further optimize this microsurgical technique during posterior clinoidectomy, we performed a cadaveric study of this regional anatomy, describe a technique called dural(More)
OBJECTIVE The carotid-oculomotor window remains the traditional deep window in the exposure of aneurysms of the upper basilar artery. Although several techniques have been described to expand this window, few morphometric studies document either the degree of its expansion or its contribution to the exposure of the basilar artery. We review the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The objective of this study was to characterize demographics, treatments, and outcomes in the management of unruptured cerebral aneurysms in the United States using a national healthcare database. METHODS Clinical data were derived from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for the years 1997 through 2006. Patients with unruptured(More)
IMPORTANCE The optimal management for elderly patients with glioblastoma (GBM) is controversial. Following maximal safe resection or biopsy, accepted treatment paradigms for elderly patients with GBM include combined-modality therapy (CMT) with both radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT), RT alone, and CT alone. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the overall survival(More)