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STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE To report our early clinical experience using C-arm cone beam computed tomography (C-arm CBCT) with fluoroscopic overlay for needle guidance during vertebroplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA C-arm CBCT is advanced three-dimensional (3-D) imaging technology that is currently available on state-of-the-art flat(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent endothelial cell-specific mitogen that promotes angiogenesis, vascular hyperpermeability, and vasodilatation by autocrine mechanisms involving nitric oxide (NO). This study was undertaken to determine the potential role of VEGF in the pathogenesis of pleural effusions, and its relationship with(More)
Brain biomechanics has been investigated for more than 30 years. In particular, finite element analyses and other powerful computational methods have long been used to provide quantitative results in the investigation of dynamic processes such as head trauma. Nevertheless, the potential of these methods to simulate and predict the outcome of quasi-static(More)
An approach to the deformable registration of three-dimensional brain tumor images to a normal brain atlas is presented. The approach involves the integration of three components: a biomechanical model of tumor mass-effect, a statistical approach to estimate the model's parameters, and a deformable image registration method. Statistical properties of the(More)
C-arm cone beam computed tomography is an advanced 3D imaging technology that is currently available on state-of-the-art flat-panel-based angiography systems. The overlay of cross-sectional imaging information can now be integrated with real-time fluoroscopy. This overlay technology was used to guide the placement of three percutaneous translumbar inferior(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We evaluated several hemodynamic parameters for the prediction of rupture in a data set of initially unruptured aneurysms, including aneurysms that ruptured during follow-up observation. METHODS Aneurysm geometry was extracted from CT angiographic images and analyzed using a mathematical formula for fluid flow under pulsatile blood(More)
An approach for estimating the deformation of the prostate caused by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) probe insertion is presented. This work is particularly useful during brachytherapy procedures, in which planning for radioactive seed insertion is performed on preopera-tive scans, and significant deformation of the prostate can occur during the procedure.(More)
Motivated by the need for methods to aid the deformable registration of brain tumor images, we present a three-dimensional (3D) mechanical model for simulating large non-linear deformations induced by tumors to the surrounding encephalic tissues. The model is initialized with 3D radiological images and is implemented using the finite element (FE) method. To(More)
A framework for modeling and predicting anatomical deformations is presented, and tested on simulated images. Although a variety of deformations can be modeled in this framework, emphasis is placed on surgical planning, and particularly on modeling and predicting changes of anatomy between preoperative and intraoperative positions, as well as on(More)
We present an approach for the automatic generation of patient-specific tetrahedral finite-element (FE) meshes from multiple-label segmented medical images. The approach uses a mesh refinement method with guaranteed tetrahedral element quality and includes a post-processing step with operations to change the mesh topol-ogy. Results indicate good(More)