Ashraf Hanafy

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BACKGROUND Perineal tears commonly occur during childbirth. They are sutured most of the time. Surgical repair can be associated with adverse outcomes, such as pain, discomfort and interference with normal activities during puerperium and possibly breastfeeding. Surgical repair also has an impact on clinical workload and human and financial resources. (More)
The very rapid advancements in assisted reproductive techniques (ART) during the last decades have been driven by a general progress in medical research but also by a great desire of the society to be able to fulfill the basic human need to reproduce. Since the birth of the first IVF-baby in 1978, new techniques such as intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection(More)
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