Ashraf Elbahrawy

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The liver and exocrine pancreas share a common structure, with functioning units (hepatic plates and pancreatic acini) connected to the ductal tree. Here we show that Sox9 is expressed throughout the biliary and pancreatic ductal epithelia, which are connected to the intestinal stem-cell zone. Cre-based lineage tracing showed that adult intestinal cells,(More)
The presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in liver tissue and/or in serum in the absence of detectable hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is called occult HBV infection. This pattern was identified in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this study was to determine the role of antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen(More)
Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is an optical image enhancement technique that enhances the vessels and patterns of gastric mucosal surface. Here we aim to test the diagnostic role of conventional NBI (C-NBI) in identifying Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, severity of gastritis, and gastric atrophy. Initially, the endoscopic records of 300 patients were(More)
The emerging evidence of the potentially clinical importance of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) increases the interest in this topic. OBI may impact in several clinical contexts, which include the possible transmission of the infection, the contribution to liver disease progression, the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, and the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND The remarkable effectiveness of universal infantile hepatitis B (HB) vaccination is well documented in many countries. Nevertheless, the influence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) on the sero-protective level of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) after HB vaccination has not been investigated in Egyptian children. The(More)
Routine serological testing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among hemodialysis (HD) patients is currently recommended. A dilemma existed on the value of serology because some investigators reported a high rate of false-negative serologic testing. In this study, we aimed to detect the false-negative rate of anti-HCV among Egyptian HD patients.(More)
A 55-year-old Egyptian woman with chronic hepatitis C undergoing treatment with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) alfa-2a plus ribavirin was referred to our hospital on November 2010 with prolonged easy fatigability and an attack of syncope; she had no prior history of autoimmune disorders or allergy. Laboratory investigations documented the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of occult hepatitis B (HB) infection (OBI) in HB-vaccinated diabetic children has not yet been tested. Here, we aimed to determine the prevalence of OBI among HB-vaccinated children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). RESULTS Eighty-seven (51.2%) children had a titer for antibodies to HB surface(More)
Islet damage attributed to impaired exocrine cells during pancreas preservation and isolation procedure remains elusive, although released exocrine enzymes could directly damage islets. The aim of this study is to investigate the cellular mechanisms associated with exocrine cells and their possible impact on the islet cell survival and function after(More)
Chronic neutrophilic leukaemia (CNL) is a rare myeloproliferative disorder of elderly patients characterised by sustained neutrophilia. The diagnosis of CNL requires the exclusion of BCR/ABL positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia and leukemoid reaction. We present here a case of a 61-year-old Egyptian man with CNL and 21 months of follow-up. The main(More)