Ashraf Abdelraouf Dawood

Learn More
BACKGROUND Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is classically defined as a microvasculopathy that primarily affects the small blood vessels of the inner retina as a complication of diabetes mellitus. It has been suggested that nitric oxide (NO) and α2β1 integrin (a platelet receptor for collagen) play an important role in the pathogenesis of microvascular(More)
A number of different biochemical and serological tests have been described recently for the early and accurate diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. None of these tests has yet gained widespread acceptance in clinical medicine or in microbiology laboratories. To investigate this problem we evaluated adenosine deaminase activity (ADA), an enzyme linked(More)
Background: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is reported to have an antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. Recently, an association of glutamine (Gln) or (type A)/arginine (Arg) or (type B) polymorphism at position 192 of PON1 gene has been suggested with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, conflicting results have(More)
The presence of hand and electrocardiogram (ECG) tremor was studied in 31 children with severe, intermediate, or mild form of spinal muscular atrophy. Clinical tremor of the hands was seen in 16 (59%) of 27 patients, all with benign forms of the disease. Nineteen patients had ECG tremors, of whom 17 had the mild or intermediate form. With the exception of(More)
Forty-five African children with SMA were seen over a period of five years. Fifteen had severe infantile form (Group 1), 19 intermediate (Group 2), 9 juvenile (Group 3) and 2 cervical type. A positive family history was obtained in only 9% of patients. The female/male ratio was 1:1.7. The age of onset was under four months in Group 1, between 5-24 months in(More)
Suppressor cells were assayed by numerical and functional tests in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) among African and Indian children in order to contribute to an understanding of the pathogenesis of these neurological disorders. Peripheral blood mononuclears (PBM) were classified as total T cells and T cell subsets by the(More)
Background: Human paraoxonase-2(PON2) which is exclusively intracellular possesses unique properities that distinguish it from PON1 and PON3. Recently, it was demonstrated that PON2 protects against atherosclerosis by preventing LDL oxidation. Emerging evidences have proposed that genetic variations in the PON2 gene may be associated with coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) is an essential component of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) maintenance therapy. Individual variability in this drug-related toxicity could be attributed in part to genetic polymorphism thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT). AIM To investigate the frequency of common TPMT polymorphisms in a cohort of Egyptian(More)
  • 1