Ashok Shankar Rao Badhe

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Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major health problem that is extremely common and has a significant effect on cardiac surgical outcomes. AKI occurs in nearly 30 % of patients undergoing cardiac surgery, with about 1–2 % of these ultimately requiring dialysis. The development of AKI predicts a significant increase in morbidity and(More)
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent intensive-care-unit (ICU)-acquired infection, with an incidence ranging from 6 to 52% [1,2,3,4]. Several studies have shown that critically ill patients are at high risk for getting such nosocomial infections [3,4]. VAP continues to be a major cause of morbidity, mortality and increased financial(More)
BACKGROUND Transversus abdominis plane block is a safe, simple and effective technique of providing analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries with easily identifiable landmarks. AIMS To compare the analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block with that of direct infiltration of local anesthetic into surgical incision in lower abdominal(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent intensive-care-unit (ICU)-acquired infection. The aetiology of VAP varies with different patient populations and types of ICUs. METHODOLOGY A prospective study was performed over a period of 15 months in a tertiary care hospital to determine the various aetiological agents causing VAP(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the role of colonizers in the causation of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and the value of routine pre-VAP endotracheal aspirate (EA) cultures in appropriately treating VAP. METHODS A prospective observational cohort study was conducted over a period of 15 months. Two hundred patients on mechanical ventilation for>48h were(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and its associated risk factors is imperative for the development and use of more effective preventive measures. METHODOLOGY We performed a prospective study over a period of 15 months to determine the incidence and the risk factors for development of VAP in critically ill(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative stress response can be detrimental if excessive and prolonged. Intravenous (i.v.) lignocaine, while being an effective analgesic, has the added benefit of anti-inflammatory activity. This study was done to assess the effect of i.v. lignocaine on operative stress response and post-surgical ileus after elective open abdominal(More)
BACKGROUND i-gel™ and the ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) are two supraglottic airway devices with gastric channel used for airway maintenance in anesthesia. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of i-gel compared with PLMA for airway maintenance in pediatric patients under general anesthesia with controlled ventilation. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE As thyroid surgery is being performed as an ambulatory procedure, recent studies concerning post thyroidectomy analgesia have focused on regional techniques such as bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) and bilateral combined superficial and deep cervical plexus block. But, data regarding the efficacy of BSCPB are(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is increasingly being performed as a day-care surgery. Intraperitoneal (IP) instillation of lignocaine has been proved to provide pain relief following LC. Of late, there is an increased interest in using intravenous (IV) lignocaine to provide pain relief following LC. There are no studies in the existing literature as to(More)