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OBJECTIVES We investigated whether glutathione (GSH), a reduced thiol that modulates redox state and forms adducts of nitric oxide (NO), improves endothelium-dependent vasomotion and NO activity in atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction and reduced NO activity are associated with atherosclerosis and its clinical manifestations such as(More)
BACKGROUND At physiological concentrations, 17beta-estradiol selectively enhances endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation by an unknown mechanism in postmenopausal women. METHODS AND RESULTS To assess the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) to the vascular effects of estradiol, we measured coronary epicardial and microvascular responses to intracoronary(More)
1. The toxic manifestations of dermally applied hexachlorocyclohexane (50 mg or 100 mg kg-1 body weight day-1, 5 days in a week for 120 days) on testes and sperm of rat have been investigated. 2. The results indicate that exposure of HCH through the dermal route could lead to an alteration in the activities of marker testicular enzymes viz. sorbitol(More)
Recruitment of specific leukocyte subpopulations at the site of inflammation requires a series of cell adhesion molecule (CAM)-mediated interactions. The major CAMs, viz., intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), VCAM-1 and E-selectin are expressed on endothelium in response to various cytokines or bacterial LPS. Here, we have evaluated the effect of(More)
We study the mechanical properties of semiflexible polymers when the contour length of the polymer is comparable to its persistence length. We compute the exact average end-to-end distance and shape of the polymer for different boundary conditions, and show that boundary effects can lead to significant deviations from the well-known long-polymer results. We(More)
The chain-breaking antioxidant activities of eight coumarins [7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (1), 5,7-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (2), 6,7-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (3), 6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (4), 7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (5), ethyl 2-(7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumar-3-yl)-acetate (6), 7,8-diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin (7) and ethyl(More)
1. Carbofuran was administered orally to adult male rats at dose levels of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 mg kg-1 body weight, 5 d wk-1 for 60 days. A dose dependent decrease was observed in body weight of rats treated with 0.2-0.8 mg carbofuran kg-1 body weight. 2. A significant decrease in the weight of epididymides, seminal vesicles, ventral prostate and(More)
The distinct biochemical function of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein Calreticulin (CR) catalyzing the transfer of acyl group from acyloxycoumarin to a receptor protein was termed calreticulin transacylase (CRTAase). The present study, unlike the previous reports of others utilizing CR-deficient cells alone, dealt with the recombinant CR domains of(More)
The earlier work carried out in our laboratory led to the identification of a novel rat liver microsomal enzyme termed as acetoxy drug: protein transacetylase (TAase), catalyzing the transfer of acetyl group from polyphenolic acetates (PA) to functional proteins. In this paper, we have reported the comparison of the specificities of acetoxy derivatives of(More)
Earlier work carried out in our laboratory highlighted the mode of action of acetoxy 4-methylcoumarins in preventing the genotoxicity of aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). We have in this report extended the observations to quercetin pentaacetate (QPA), which unlike quercetin (Q) has demonstrated time-dependent inhibition of liver microsome catalysed AFB(1)(More)