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We recently identified genes encoding tumor endothelial markers (TEMs) that displayed elevated expression during tumor angiogenesis. From both biological and clinical points of view, TEMs associated with the cell surface membrane are of particular interest. Accordingly, we have further characterized four such genes, TEM1, TEM5, TEM7, and TEM8, all of which(More)
H+ conductive pathways have been detected in the plasma membranes of a variety of cell types. The large exquisitely H(+)-selective permeability of the conductive pathway can support sizable net H+ fluxes. Although subtle differences exist among tissues and species, certain common features suggest that related transport systems are involved in all cases. The(More)
Phagocytic cells can kill microorganisms by synthesizing superoxide. Activation of the NADPH oxidase that generates superoxide is accompanied by a large intracellular burst of metabolic acid production. Despite the excess acid generation, cytosolic pH (pHi) remains near neutrality due to the concomitant stimulation of several homeostatic H+ extrusion(More)
The effects of a new epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, tyrphostin AG 1478, were tested on three related human glioma cell lines: U87MG, which expressed endogenous wild-type (wt) EGFR, and two retrovirally infected U87MG cell populations which over-expressed either wt (U87MG.wtEGFR) or truncated EGFR (U87MG. delta EGFR).(More)
To combat bacterial infection, phagocytes generate superoxide (O2-) and other microbicidal oxygen radicals. NADPH oxidase, the enzyme responsible for O2- synthesis, is deficient in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. Although O2- generation is accompanied by a large burst of metabolic acid production, intracellular pH (pHi) remains near neutrality(More)
V-ATPases in phagocytic cells are known to mediate the acidification of most intracellular organelles. Proton-pump-mediated acidification of these organellar compartments is vital to numerous cell processes, including receptor recycling, protein processing and sorting and microbial degradation. Recent studies have suggested a role for V-ATPases in(More)
In phagocytes, superoxide generation by the NADPH oxidase is accompanied by metabolic acid production. Cytoplasmic acidification during this metabolic burst is prevented by a combination of H+ extrusion mechanisms, including a unique H+ conductance. NADPH oxidase is deficient in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. The burst of acid production is(More)
Activated neutrophils undergo a large burst of metabolic acid generation, yet maintain their cytosolic pH (pHi) within physiological limits. To analyze the underlying regulatory mechanisms, pHi was measured fluorimetrically in suspensions of human neutrophils. In acid loaded but otherwise unstimulated cells, pHi recovered rapidly via Na+/H+ exchange. Upon(More)
Proton pump activity is not measurable in the plasma membrane of unstimulated neutrophils but becomes readily detectable upon activation by soluble agonists. The mechanism of pump activation was investigated in this report. V-type H+ pump activity, estimated as a bafilomycin A1-sensitive elevation of the cytosolic pH, was stimulated in suspended neutrophils(More)
The rate of metabolic acid generation by neutrophils increases greatly when they are activated. Intracellular acidification is prevented in part by Na+/H+ exchange, but a sizable component of H+ extrusion persists in the nominal absence of Na+ and HCO3-. In this report we determined the contribution to H+ extrusion of a putative H+ conductive pathway and(More)