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Advanced cerebrovascular β-amyloid deposition (cerebral amyloid angiopathy, CAA) is associated with cerebral microbleeds, but the precise relationship between CAA burden and microbleeds is undefined. We used T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and noninvasive amyloid imaging with Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) to analyze the spatial relationship(More)
The contribution of Ca(2+) release from intracellular Ca(2+) stores (ICS) for regulation of synaptic plasticity thresholds during aging was investigated in hippocampal slices of old (22-24 mo) and young adult (5-8 mo) male Fischer 344 rats. Inhibition of Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release by thapsigargin, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), or ryanodine during pattern(More)
CXCR4, like other G protein-coupled receptors, signals via heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) to regulate gene transcription, migration, development, growth, and transformation. We describe a formerly uncharacterized function of a G protein: a role in receptor trafficking. We previously showed that CXCR4 and the TCR physically(More)
We have shown previously that wounding of human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells resulted in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation through ectodomain shedding of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF). However, the initial signal to trigger these signaling events in response to cell injury remains elusive. In the present study, we(More)
Herpetic epithelial and stromal keratitis is a sight-threatening ocular infection. To study the role of the epithelium in the innate response to herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection of the cornea, we used a telomerase-immortalized human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) line, HUCL, and primary HCECs as a model and infected the cells with HSV-1 (KOS(More)
Reduced expression of Erythrocyte Complement Receptor 1 (E-CR1) is envisaged to contribute significantly to the pathophysiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We determined the levels of CR1 transcript in the neutrophils from 25 untreated patients with active SLE and 25 normal healthy individuals and, studied the effect of interferon-gamma(More)
We previously showed that human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) express Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which recognize gram-positive bacteria and respond to Staphylococcus aureus infection by the expression and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and beta-defensin-2 (hBD2). In this study, we further elucidated the underlying mechanisms regulating hBD-2(More)
The ocular surface is constantly exposed to a wide array of microorganisms. The ability of the cornea to recognize pathogens as foreign and eliminate them is critical to retain its transparency, hence preservation of sight. In the eye, as in other parts of the body, the early response against invading pathogens is provided by innate immunity. Corneal innate(More)
Several forms of log-term synaptic plasticity have been identified and the mechanisms for induction and expression of synaptic modifications change over development and maturation. The present study examines age-related changes in the induction of group I metabotropic receptor selective agonist (R,S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) induced long-term(More)
—A compact planar monopole UWB antenna with quadruple band-notched characteristics is analyzed and presented. By introducing a C-shaped slot, nested C-shaped slot in the radiating patch and U-shaped slot in the feed line, quadruple band-notched characteristics are achieved at frequencies of 2.5, 3.7, 5.8 and 8.2 GHz. The proposed antenna has been fabricated(More)