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BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic lesion formation is a complex process, in part mediated by inflammatory and oxidative mechanisms including lipid peroxidation. To further characterize the potential role of lipid peroxidation products in atherogenesis, we studied the effects of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) on rat aortic smooth muscle cell growth. METHODS AND(More)
Annual wormwood (Artemisia annua L.) produces an array of complex terpenoids including artemisinin, a compound of current interest in the treatment of drug-resistant malaria. However, this promising antimalarial compound remains expensive and is hardly available on the global scale. Synthesis of artemisinin has not been proved to be feasible commercially.(More)
We examined the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 176 conscious rabbits were used. Ischemic PC (six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusions/4-min reperfusions) resulted in a rapid increase in myocardial COX-2 mRNA levels (+231 +/- 64% at 1 h; RNase protection assay) followed 24 h later by an increase(More)
Kinetic and structural changes in recombinant human aldose reductase (AR) due to modification by S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) were investigated. Incubation of the enzyme with 10-50 microM GSNO led to a time- and concentration-dependent inactivation of the enzyme, with a second-order rate constant of 0.087 +/- 0.009 M-1 min-1. However, upon exhaustive(More)
 A continuously growing callus was obtained from immature endosperm of Morus alba L Cv S-36 cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium containing 5 μm 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Shoot buds were produced when the callus was subcultured on a medium containing a cytokinin or a cytokinin and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). The maximum number of shoots was(More)
Experiments were conducted on tomato to study the potential of brown alga Sargassum johnstonii as a biofertilizer. Seaweed extract was applied as a foliar spray, soil drench, and soil drench + foliar spray to assess its effect on plant growth, yield, and concentration of lycopene and vitamin C. The main objective of the study was to enhance the biochemical(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of biricodar (VX-710), an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1), alone and with doxorubicin in patients with advanced malignancies. The effect of VX-710 on the tissue distribution of (99m)Tc-sestamibi, a P-gp and MRP1 substrate, was also(More)
To evaluate the effects of oxidative stress on cardiac membrane currents, single cells from frog ventricle were exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). Incubation of these cells with 2 mM t-BHP causes a rapid depletion of cellular glutathione, followed by a more gradual increase in the contents of malonaldialdehyde and conjugated dienes. Effects of(More)
Oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) generates high concentrations of unsaturated aldehydes, such as 4-hydroxy trans-2-nonenal (HNE). These aldehydes are mitogenic to vascular smooth muscle cells and sustain a vascular inflammation. Nevertheless, the processes that mediate and regulate the vascular metabolism of these aldehydes have not been(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the calcium homeostasis in single fiber cells isolated from rat ocular lens cortex and to quantify the changes in the concentration of free intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i during the process of disintegrative globulization. METHODS Individual fiber cells from the cortex of the adult rat lens were isolated by treatment with trypsin in(More)