Ashok K Tikoo

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UNLABELLED For transforming normal fibroblasts to malignant cells, oncogenic Ras mutants such as v-Ha-ras require Rho family GTPases (Rho, Rac, and CDC42) that are responsible for controlling actin-cytoskeleton organization. Ras activates Rac through a PI-3 kinase-mediated pathway. Rac causes uncapping of actin filaments (F-actin) at the plus-ends, through(More)
The bioavailability of rifampicin (RIF) in a fixed dose combination (FDC) used for the treatment of tuberculosis remains an area of clinical concern and several pharmaceutical alternatives are being explored to overcome this problem. The present study presents a pharmacological approach in which the bioavailability of a drug may be modulated by utilizing(More)
p190 is a Tyr-phosphorylatable G protein of M(r) 190,000 that binds NH2-terminal SH2 domains of GAP1, a Ras GAP of M(r) 120,000. p190 contains at least two functional domains: a GTPase domain at the NH2 terminus and a GAP domain at the COOH terminus that can attenuate signal-transducing activity of three distinct G proteins (Rac, Rho, and CDC42). Here, we(More)
Previously, we have cloned a candidate for the 595-amino acid neurofibromatosis type 2 tumor suppressor called NF2 or Merlin, with striking sequence similarity in its N-terminal half to an F-actin-binding protein family called TERM, which includes talin, ezrin, radixin, and moesin (Trofatter, J. A., MacCollin, M. M., Rutter, J. L., Murrell, J. R., Duyao, M.(More)
v-Ha-Ras, an oncogenic Ras mutant, causes malignant transformation of mammalian cells by recruiting c-Raf-1, a cytosolic Ser/Thr kinase, to the plasma membranes/cytoskeleton. The kinase activity of c-Raf-1 resides in the C-terminal half, which activates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase, while it is the N-terminal half of c-Raf-1 (Raf257,(More)
Purpose: To develop and validate a sensitive HPLC method for the separation and simultaneous estimation of two ingredients in a composition comprising of rifampicin and a flavonoid glycoside (an enhancer of oral bioavailability of rifampicin). Methods: Reverse phase (RP) chromatographic separation and estimation was achieved using a Shimadzu HPLC system.(More)
A rhodacyanine dye called MKT-077 has shown a highly selective toxicity toward several distinct human malignant cell lines, including bladder carcinoma EJ, and has been subjected to clinical trials for cancer therapy. In the pancreatic carcinoma cell line CRL-1420, but not in normal African green monkey kidney cell line CV-1, it is selectively accumulated(More)
This study deals with the pharmacokinetic interaction of selected anti-TB drugs with a natural product (CC-1a) derived from caraway (Carum carvi, L.) seed. CC-1a, chemically standardized butanolic fraction, enhanced the plasma levels of rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and isoniazid in Wistar rat, resulting in increased bioavailability indices (C(max) and AUC) of(More)
A specific and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with photodiode-array (PDA) ultraviolet detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of three bioactive constituents of Cedrus deodara namely wikstromol, matairesinol and dibenzylbutyrolactol in mouse plasma. In solid-phase extraction (SPE) these constituents were(More)