Ashok J. Kumar

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PURPOSE To describe both the common and less frequently encountered magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of radiation therapy- and chemotherapy-induced brain injury, with particular emphasis on radiation necrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 148 adult patients underwent surgical resection of malignant brain (glial) tumors and were subsequently(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a controlled trial of bevacizumab for the treatment of symptomatic radiation necrosis of the brain. METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 14 patients were entered into a placebo-controlled randomized double-blind study of bevacizumab for the treatment of central nervous system radiation necrosis. All patients were required to have(More)
Patients with recurrent malignant glioma treated with bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), alone or in combination with irinotecan have had impressive reductions in MRI contrast enhancement and vasogenic edema. Responses to this regimen, as defined by a decrease in contrast enhancement, have led to significant(More)
PURPOSE Because blocking vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from reaching leaky capillaries is a logical strategy for the treatment of radiation necrosis, we reasoned that bevacizumab might be an effective treatment of radiation necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen patients with malignant brain tumors were treated with bevacizumab or bevacizumab(More)
Brain aging is associated with altered Ca(2+) regulation. However, many Ca(2+) signal transduction mechanisms have not been explored in the aged brain. Here, we report that cytosolic expression and activity of the Ca(2+)-dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin (CaN) increases in the hippocampus during aging. CaN changes were paralleled by increased(More)
To address the question of whether beta-amyloid peptides also affect cholinergic neurotransmission in vivo, brain tissue from transgenic Tg2576 mice with Alzheimer plaque pathology at ages ranging from 7 to 24 months were examined by immuno- and histochemical staining for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetycholinesterase (AChE), by assaying(More)
SDF-1alpha (CXCL12) signaling via its receptor, CXCR4, stimulates T cell chemotaxis and gene expression. The ZAP-70 tyrosine kinase critically mediates SDF-1alpha-dependent migration and prolonged ERK mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation in T cells. However, the molecular mechanism by which CXCR4 or other G protein-coupled receptors activate(More)
The current study examined effects of chronic estradiol replacement on cognition and biomarkers of aging. Young, middle-aged, and aged rats were ovariectomized and implanted with blank capsules, or capsules containing high or low doses of estradiol benzoate (EB). Three weeks later, animals were tested on inhibitory avoidance and cue and spatial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conventional imaging techniques cannot be used to unambiguously and reliably differentiate malignant from benign vertebral compression fractures. Our hypothesis is that these malignant and benign vertebral lesions can be better distinguished on the basis of tissue apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs). The purpose of this study was(More)
The contribution of the NMDA receptors (NMDARs) to synaptic plasticity declines during aging, and the decline is thought to contribute to memory deficits. Here, we demonstrate that an age-related shift in intracellular redox state contributes to the decline in NMDAR responses through Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). The oxidizing(More)