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Our finding that an analog of paclitaxel (Taxol) modified at position C-2 (2-debenzoyl-2-(m-azidobenzoyl)paclitaxel) was substantially more active than paclitaxel in promoting tubulin assembly [Chaudhary et al. (1994) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 4097-4098] led us to perform an analysis of the modulating effects of microtubule-associated proteins, GTP, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the effects of oxidized versus native omega-3 fatty acids on the endothelial expression of chemokines MCP-1 and IL-8, and, if effective in inhibiting chemokine expression, to determine the mechanism for the inhibition of chemokine expression. METHODS AND RESULTS Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, we(More)
 A room temperature biochemical assay, based on centrifugal removal of tubulin polymer, was developed to permit ready detection of paclitaxel analogs more active than the parent compound and to permit reliable quantification of differences in activity relative to paclitaxel in terms of drug concentration. The assay was validated by comparing paclitaxel to(More)
A rapid and sensitive radiometric assay for assessing the potential of drugs to inhibit cytochrome P450 (P450) 2C19 in human liver microsomes is described. The new assay, which does not require high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation or mass spectrometric detection, is based on the release of tritium as tritiated water that occurs upon(More)
Photoaffinity labeling methods are being used to define the molecular contacts between taxol and its target protein, tubulin. Our laboratory has demonstrated previously that [3H]3'-(p-azidobenzamido)taxol photolabels the N-terminal 31 amino acids of beta-tubulin (Rao, S., Krauss, N.E., Heerding, J.M., Swindell, C.S., Ringel, I., Orr, G.A., and Horwitz, S.B.(More)
BACKGROUND Omega-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects in chronic inflammatory diseases that are characterized by accumulation of leukocytes and leukocyte-mediated tissue injury. Accumulation of leukocytes occurs, in part, due to pro-inflammatory responses in endothelial cells, such as increase in expression of leukocyte adhesion receptors and chemokines,(More)
The 7-substituted taxol analogues 7, 19, 27, and 32 have been prepared as potential photoaffinity-labeled derivatives for studies of the nature of the binding site of taxol on polymerized tubulin. The analogue 32 has been prepared in both deuterium- and tritium-labeled versions. Tubulin-assembly studies were carried out with these compounds, and it was(More)
In the central nervous system, re-uptake of the neurotransmitter glycine is mediated by two different glycine transporters, GlyT1 and GlyT2. GlyT2 is found in brainstem and spinal cord, whereas GlyT1 is expressed in rat forebrain regions where it is responsible for most glycine transport activity. Initially, GlyT1 and GlyT2 were pharmacologically(More)
35S-labeled derivatives of the insecticides nodulisporic acid and ivermectin were synthesized and demonstrated to bind with high affinity to a population of receptors in Drosophila head membranes that were previously shown to be associated with a glutamate-gated chloride channel. Nodulisporic acid binding was modeled as binding to a single population of(More)
Metabolic activation of drug candidates to electrophilic reactive metabolites that can covalently modify cellular macromolecules may result in acute and/or idiosyncratic immune system-mediated toxicities in humans. This presents a significant potential liability for the future development of these compounds as safe therapeutic agents. We present here an(More)