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This 8-week double-blind placebo-controlled trial investigated the relative efficacy and safety of alprazolam and buspirone in the treatment of panic disorder. Alprazolam (mean +/- SD dose 5.2 +/- 2.6 mg) produced a rapid and sustained improvement in panic attacks, anxiety, phobias, and disability and was superior to buspirone (mean +/- SD dose 61 +/- 26.5(More)
Buspirone was compared with imipramine and placebo in the treatment of panic disorder in an 8-week, double-blind controlled study of 52 randomly assigned patients. The side effect profile of buspirone was less disruptive than that of imipramine. Buspirone was not significantly superior to placebo in its antipanic or anxiolytic effects in panic disorder(More)
Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) identified 9 novel risk loci. Discovery of functional variants within genes at these loci is required to confirm their role in Alzheimer disease (AD). Single nucleotide polymorphisms that influence gene expression (eSNPs) constitute an important class of(More)
BACKGROUND Experience with the use of central venous access device (CVAD) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) on hypertransfusion is limited and published studies report wide variability in the rates of CVAD-associated complications. PROCEDURE In this study, a total of 18 Cathlink 20 ports (Bard Access systems, Salt Lake City, UT) were implanted in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of varying decision criteria on neuropsychological diagnostic frequencies and on their correlates. DESIGN Descriptive and correlational study. SETTING Florida Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. PARTICIPANTS A sample of 373 individuals with comprehensive baseline analyses participating in a longitudinal study of(More)
OBJECTIVE Medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) can be used as a biomarker of pathology that affects mechanisms of episodic memory. The authors compared the strength of this biomarker with performance on four memory measures and examined the influence of demographic factors including age, level of education, and primary language (English or Spanish). METHODS(More)
This study used spatially resolved transcranial near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to compare brain tissue oxygenation in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients with that of healthy children. In addition, NIRS was used to measure the dynamic response of cerebral oxygen balance to erythrocytapheresis. Transcranial NIRS measurements were obtained from 25 children(More)
BACKGROUND The traditional consensus diagnosis (ConsDx) of normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and dementia relies on the reconciliation of an informant-based report of cognitive and functional impairment by a physician diagnosis (PhyDx), and a neuropsychological diagnosis (NPDx). As this procedure may be labor intensive and influenced by the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on cardiac function in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) demonstrated abnormalities of systolic and diastolic function including elevated left ventricular myocardial performance index (LVMPI) on chronic transfusion protocols. LVMPI has been validated as a useful and easy non-invasive measure of overall cardiac function. Up(More)