Learn More
Many viruses induce hepatitis in humans, highlighting the need to understand the underlying mechanisms of virus-induced liver pathology. The murine coronavirus, mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), causes acute hepatitis in its natural host and provides a useful model for understanding virus interaction with liver cells. The MHV accessory protein, ns2, antagonizes(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the murine coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) nonstructural protein 2 (ns2) is a 2',5'-phosphodiesterase that inhibits activation of the interferon-induced oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS)-RNase L pathway. Enzymatically active ns2 is required for efficient MHV replication in macrophages, as well as for the(More)
Rapid enrichment of CHAPS-solubilized UDP-glucose:(1,3)-beta-glucan (callose) synthase from storage tissue of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) is obtained when the preparation is incubated with an enzyme assay mixture, then centrifuged and the enzyme released from the callose pellet with a buffer containing EDTA and CHAPS (20-fold purification relative to(More)
Plasma membrane (PM) vesicles of defined sidedness were obtained from Beta vulgaris L. and subjected to limited proteolysis to investigate the topology and subunit composition of UDP-glucose: (1,3)-beta-glucan (callose) synthase (CalS). Latency experiments demonstrated that protease-sensitive sites on the CalS complex are located primarily at the(More)
Mechanical forces such as fluid shear have been shown to enhance cell growth and differentiation, but knowledge of their mechanistic effect on cells is limited because the local flow patterns and associated metrics are not precisely known. Here we present real-time, non-invasive measures of local hydrodynamics in 3D biomaterials based on nuclear magnetic(More)
Determining the molecular mechanisms behind synaptogenesis is important for understanding brain function and disease states. Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a nerve derived protein hypothesized to enforce the high density of acetycholine receptors (AChR) in neuromuscular synapses; however, it has been difficult to confirm its role in vivo due to early deaths of(More)
  • 1