Ashley Vaughan

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Metabolic pathways play an important role in insecticide resistance, but the full spectra of the genes involved in resistance has not been established. We constructed a microarray containing unique fragments from 230 Anopheles gambiae genes putatively involved in insecticide metabolism [cytochrome P450s (P450s), GSTs, and carboxylesterases and redox genes,(More)
Pyrethroid resistance has been demonstrated in populations of Anopheles funestus from South Africa and southern Mozambique. Resistance is associated with elevated P450 monooxygenase enzymes. In this study, degenerate primers based on conserved regions of Anopheles gambiae P450 CYP4, 6 and 9 families were used to amplify genomic and cDNA templates from A.(More)
The genes encoding the three major targets of conventional insecticides are: Rdl, which encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit (RDL); para, which encodes a voltage-gated sodium channel (PARA); and Ace, which encodes insect acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Interestingly, despite the complexity of the encoded receptors or enzymes, very few amino acid(More)
Insecticide resistance is a serious problem facing the effective control of insect vectors of disease. Insensitive acetylcholinesterase (AChE) confers resistance to organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate insecticides and is a widespread resistance mechanism in vector mosquitoes. Although the point mutations that underlie AChE insensitivity have been described(More)
Serum opacity factor (SOF) is a streptococcal protein that disrupts the structure of human high density lipoproteins (HDL) releasing lipid-free apo A-I while forming a large cholesteryl ester-rich particle and a small neo HDL. Given its low cholesterol and high phospholipid contents, we tested the hypotheses that neo HDL is a better substrate for(More)
The organophosphate resistance-associated elevated esterases Esta2, Est31 and Est82 were purified to homogeneity from larvae of the Cuban Habana strain. The bimolecular rate constants (k,, s) of Habana Estj31 with a range of organophosphates were not significantly different to those of PeIRR Estf321, and were higher with some organophosphates than PeIRR(More)
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