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BACKGROUND Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists are becoming increasingly popular with adolescents as an abused substance. Chronic use of these drugs can lead to addiction syndrome and withdrawal symptoms similar to cannabis abuse. Due to their potential health risk, several countries have banned these substances. OBJECTIVES To report the clinical(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a classical autoimmune liver disease for which effective immunomodulatory therapy is lacking. Here we perform meta-analyses of discovery data sets from genome-wide association studies of European subjects (n=2,764 cases and 10,475 controls) followed by validation genotyping in an independent cohort (n=3,716 cases and 4,261(More)
BACKGROUND  Interferon-based hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy is safe and effective among people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST), but treatment uptake remains low. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of OST and drug use during therapy on completion, adherence, sustained virologic response (SVR12), and safety of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir ± ribavirin.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS All oral direct acting antivirals (DAAs) effectively treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but the benefits in advanced liver disease are unclear. We compared outcomes in treated and untreated patients with decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS Patients with HCV and decompensated cirrhosis or at risk of irreversible disease were(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection currently accounts for approximately 600,000 deaths per year resulting from progression of liver fibrosis to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Treatment of chronic hepatitis B with antiviral agents aims to improve survival through the reduction of HBV DNA to undetectable levels and the resultant prevention of disease(More)
The application of DNA barcoding to anthozoan cnidarians has been hindered by their slow rates of mitochondrial gene evolution and the failure to identify alternative molecular markers that distinguish species reliably. Among octocorals, however, multilocus barcodes can distinguish up to 70 % of morphospecies, thereby facilitating the identification of(More)
  • A. S. Brown, S. Gershon
  • 1993
The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia and the emphasis on other neurotransmitters, most notably norepinephirne, serotonin, and acetylcholine, in the pathogenesis of depression, have focused attention away from substantial evidence implicating dopamine in affective disorders. The clinical evidence includes alterations in depressive symptoms with aging(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Simeprevir is an oral, once-daily inhibitor of hepatitis c virus (HCV) protease NS3/4A. We investigated the safety and efficacy of simeprevir with peg-interferon α-2a and ribavirin (PR) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial of patients with HCV genotype 1 infection who relapsed after previous interferon-based(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Long-term viral suppression is a major goal to prevent disease progression in patients with HBV. Aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of entecavir plus tenofovir combination in 57 CHB partial responders or multidrug resistant patients. METHODS Investigator-initiated open-label cohort study. Quantitative HBV-DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE Entecavir (ETV) is a potent inhibitor of viral replication in chronic hepatitis B and prolonged treatment may result in regression of fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ETV on disease progression. DESIGN In a multicentre cohort study, 372 ETV-treated patients were investigated. Clinical events were defined as(More)