Ashley R Longstreet

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The appetite for complex organic molecules continues to increase worldwide, especially in rapidly developing countries such as China, India, and Brazil. At the same time, the cost of raw materials and solvent waste disposal is also growing, making sustainability an increasingly important factor in the production of synthetic life-saving/improving compounds.(More)
Ylidenemalononitrile enamines undergo rapid amine exchange followed by a cyclization with primary amines to yield fluorescent products with emission intensities as high as 900 times greater than the starting materials. After identifying the fluorescent species by X-ray crystallography, we demonstrate that the rate of amine exchange is substrate dependent(More)
2-Chloro-3-amino-4-picoline (CAPIC) is a strategic building block for the preparation of nevirapine, a widely-prescribed non-nucleosidic reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV-infected patients. A continuous synthesis to the bromo derivative of a CAPIC intermediate, 2-bromo-4-methylnicotinonitrile, that terminates in a dead-end(More)
Pyridines with 2,3,4 and/or 5 substitution remain challenging to prepare. Existing strategies to form multisubstituted 2-halonicotinonitriles via enamines suffer from dimerization of the starting alkylidene malononitriles resulting in low yields. Through alteration of reaction conditions, a new high yielding method into enamines was realized by condensing(More)
Minimizing the waste stream associated with the synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and commodity chemicals is of high interest within the chemical industry from an economic and environmental perspective. In exploring solutions to this area, we herein report a highly optimized and environmentally conscious continuous-flow synthesis of two(More)
Offered data on a variety of five-subtest WAIS short forms from which the clinician may select. All short forms were derived and cross-validated with a low socioeconomic status sample (N = 80). Data were reported on correlation of predicted and actual scores and on absolute accuracy of prediction. No significant difference in prediction was found across(More)
Two ylidenemalononitrile enamines, adsorbed to various media, undergo a cyclization reaction with primary amine vapors resulting in a fluorometric and colorimetric response. After determining the media with the fastest response rate for emission "turn-on" to be aluminum oxide activated neutral (AON), we further demonstrate the sensitivity (propylamine(More)
Herein, we demonstrate that a homogeneous catalyst can be prepared continuously via reaction with a packed-bed of a catalyst precursor. Specifically, we perform continuous proline catalyzed α-aminoxylations using a packed-bed of L-proline. The system relies on a multistep sequence in which an aldehyde and thiourea additive are passed through a column of(More)
Herein, we describe the synthesis and reactivity of enamines derived from ylidenemalononitriles and ylidenecyanoacetates. The enamine scope was expanded by (1) increasing yields of aldehyde-derived ylidenemalononitriles, (2) incorporating silyl functionalities, and (3) using other amide acetals to expand the substitution patterns of pyridines resulting from(More)
It is demonstrated that homogeneous N-heterocyclic carbene-copper(I)-chloride complexes can be prepared continuously by flowing NHC precursors through a packed bed of solid Cu(2)O suspended in molecular sieves. The method enables the synthesis of a wide range of complexes including those that are challenging to prepare using standard approaches. Our(More)
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