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Two inbred mouse strains, CBA/J and CBA/CaJ, have been used nearly interchangeably as 'good hearing' standards for research in hearing and deafness. We recently reported, however, that these two strains diverge after 1 year of age, such that CBA/CaJ mice show more rapid elevation of compound action potential (CAP) thresholds at high frequencies (Ohlemiller,… (More)
In previously treated head-and-neck cancer patients, p.o. administered isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) reduced the occurrence of second aerodigestive tumors, including lung tumors, but side effects made chronic therapy problematic. We reasoned that inhaled isotretinoin might provide sufficient drug to the target cells for efficacy while avoiding… (More)
Enzymes of the nasal tissue, one of the first tissues to contact inhaled toxicants, are relatively resistant to induction by traditional inducers. Because tobacco smoke has been shown to induce cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) in rat and human lung tissue, we hypothesized that it would also alter levels of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in nasal mucosae. In… (More)
Chemopreventive retinoids may be more effective if delivered to the lung epithelium by inhalation. 13-cis-Retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) was comparable to all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) in inducing transglutaminase II (TGase II) in cultured human cells. Inhaled 13-cis-RA had a significant stimulatory activity on TGase II in rat lung (P < 0.001) but not in liver… (More)
The goal of the present study was to compare aging characteristics of the cochlear lateral wall in inbred mouse strains (CBA/J and CBA/CaJ) having very different endocochlear potential (EP)-versus-age profiles to see which anatomic differences might predict their EP differences.