Ashley N. Martin

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In eukaryotes, many receptor agonists use phospholipase-generated lipids as intracellular messengers. Receptor occupation stimulates the production of polyunsaturated 1,2-diacylglycerols by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate specific phospholipases C and/or of mono-unsaturated and saturated phosphatidates by phospholipase-D-catalysed phosphatidylcholine(More)
Assays for two distinct phosphatidate phosphohydrolase activities were established based upon a differential inhibition by N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). The activity that is insensitive to this reagent in rat liver is predominantly in the plasma membrane fraction, whereas the NEM-sensitive activity is in the cytosolic and microsomal fractions. The NEM-insensitive(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is often diagnosed at a late stage with concomitant poor prognosis. Early detection greatly improves prognosis; however, the invasive, unpleasant and inconvenient nature of current diagnostic procedures limits their applicability. No serum-based test is currently of sufficient sensitivity or specificity for widespread use. In the(More)
Ceramide and ceramide-1-phosphate are sphingolipid analogues of diacylglycerol and phosphatidate, respectively, and they are putative second messengers of agonist-stimulated sphingomyelin metabolism. The interactions of exogenous cell-permeable ceramides and ceramide-1-phosphates in modifying DNA synthesis and signal transduction were investigated in Rat-1(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) belonging to the PDE4 family control intracellular concentrations of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) by catalyzing its hydrolysis. Four separate PDE4 genes (PDE4A, PDE4B, PDE4C, and PDE4D) have been identified. PDE4 has been reported to be involved in various central nervous system (CNS) functions including depression,(More)
The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a multicomponent E3 ubiquitin ligase that, by targeting protein substrates for 26S proteasome-mediated degradation through ubiquitination, coordinates the temporal progression of eukaryotic cells through mitosis and the subsequent G1 phase of the cell cycle. Other functions of the APC/C are, however, less(More)
Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the key to the delivery of effective therapies. The conventional serological diagnostic test, estimation of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) lacks both sensitivity and specificity as a screening tool and improved tests are needed to complement ultrasound scanning, the major modality for surveillance of(More)
Metalloproteinases (MMP) produced by both cancer and normal stromal fibroblast cells play a critical role in the metastatic spread of tumours, however little is known of the regulation of their release. In this report we demonstrate that breast cancer cells in culture release apparently full length soluble EMMPRIN that promotes the release of pro-MMP2 from(More)
Stimulation of cells with certain agonists often activates both phospholipases C and D. These generate diacylglycerol and phosphatidate, respectively, although the two lipids are also apparently interconvertable through the actions of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase and diacylglycerol kinase. Diacylglycerol activates protein kinase C while one role for(More)
The phenotype of genetically modified animals is strongly influenced by both the genetic background of the animal as well as environmental factors. We have previously reported the behavioral and neurochemical characterization of PDE10A knockout mice maintained on a DBA1LacJ (PDE10A(DBA)) genetic background. The aim of the present studies was to assess the(More)