Ashley L Hilchie

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Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) defend against microbial pathogens; however, certain CAPs also exhibit anticancer activity. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of the pleurocidin-family CAPs, NRC-03 and NRC-07, on breast cancer cells. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and acid phosphatase(More)
Cationic host defense (antimicrobial) peptides were originally studied for their direct antimicrobial activities. They have since been found to exhibit multifaceted immunomodulatory activities, including profound anti-infective and selective anti-inflammatory properties, as well as adjuvant and wound-healing activities in animal models. These biological(More)
New cytotoxic agents are urgently needed for the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer because of the poor long-term response of this disease to conventional chemotherapy. Curcumin, obtained from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, has potent anticancer activity; however, the mechanism of curcumin-induced cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer cells remains a mystery. In(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides such as bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB) constitute an important innate defense mechanism against many microbial pathogens. LfcinB also binds to and selectively kills human cancer cells via a mechanism that involves reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and caspase activation. The antimicrobial core of LfcinB consists of only(More)
Strategies to promote intracellular ceramide accumulation in cancer cells may have therapeutic utility because ceramide is an important second messenger during apoptosis. Exposure to cell-permeable C(6) ceramide or tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthate (an inducer of de novo ceramide synthesis and an inhibitor of sphingomyelin synthase) caused MDA-MB-435 human breast(More)
Lactoferrin (LF) is a mammalian host defense glycoprotein with diverse biological activities. Peptides derived from the cationic region of LF possess cytotoxic activity against cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Bovine lactoferricin (LFcinB), a peptide derived from bovine LF (bLF), exhibits broad-spectrum anticancer activity, while a similar peptide derived(More)
Curcumin, the principal curcuminoid of tumeric, has potent anticancer activity. To determine the mechanism of curcumin-induced cytotoxicity in prostate cancer cells, we exposed PC3 prostate carcinoma cells to 25 to 100 microM curcumin for 24 to 72 h. Curcumin treatment of PC3 cells caused time- and dose-dependent induction of apoptosis and depletion of(More)
Anti-cancer peptides (ACPs) are small cationic and hydrophobic peptides that are more toxic to cancer cells than normal cells. ACPs kill cancer cells by causing irreparable membrane damage and cell lysis, or by inducing apoptosis. Direct-acting ACPs do not bind to a unique receptor, but are rather attracted to several different molecules on the surface of(More)
The recent observation that certain cationic peptides possess potent antibiofilm activity demonstrated that small peptides could be used to treat biofilm-associated infections. Other so-called innate defense regulator peptides possess potent immunomodulatory properties such as leukocyte recruitment and suppression of harmful inflammation. A peptide that(More)
Angiogenesis plays an important role in tumor progression. Piperine, a major alkaloid constituent of black pepper, has diverse physiological actions including killing of cancer cells; however, the effect of piperine on angiogenesis is not known. Here we show that piperine inhibited the proliferation and G(1)/S transition of human umbilical vein endothelial(More)