Ashley Humphries

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Inherited deficiency of triose phosphate isomerase (TPI), the enzyme that catalyses the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, is characterised by an accumulation of intracellular DHAP and markedly reduced enzyme activity in cells and tissues, resulting in progressive, usually fatal neuromuscular dysfunction.(More)
Inherited deficiency of the housekeeping enzyme triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) is the most severe clinical disorder of glycolysis. Homozygotes manifest congenital hemolytic anemia and progressive neuromuscular impairment, which in most cases pursues an inexorable course with fatal outcome in early childhood. No effective therapy is available. Hitherto(More)
Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI, EC 5.3.1.1) is an ubiquitously expressed enzyme that catalyses the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in the energy-generating glycolytic pathway. Inherited defects in the TPI gene are characterised biochemically by markedly reduced TPI enzyme activity in all tissues resulting(More)
Mutations at -5A-->G, -8-->GA within the cap proximal element (CPE), and -24T-->G within the TATA box of the triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) gene promoter have been identified in populations with a wide geographical distribution. These mutations lie within, or in close proximity to, known cis-active elements in the TPI gene promoter. To determine the(More)
The metabolic defect of triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency is reversible in deficient lymphoblastoid cells when cultured in the presence of human K562 erythroleukemia cells or plasma as exogenous source of functional enzyme. However, plasma contains a variety of undefined biological response modifiers whose effects on TPI gene expression are(More)
Decorin, a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan gene family, impedes tumor cell growth by down-regulating the epidermal growth factor receptor. Decorin has a complex binding repertoire, thus, we predicted that decorin would modulate the bioactivity of other tyrosine kinase receptors. We discovered that decorin binds directly and with high affinity(More)
We report the application of evaporative cooling to clouds of trapped antiprotons, resulting in plasmas with measured temperature as low as 9 K. We have modeled the evaporation process for charged particles using appropriate rate equations. Good agreement between experiment and theory is observed, permitting prediction of cooling efficiency in future(More)
The hydrogen atom is one of the most important and influential model systems in modern physics. Attempts to understand its spectrum are inextricably linked to the early history and development of quantum mechanics. The hydrogen atom's stature lies in its simplicity and in the accuracy with which its spectrum can be measured and compared to theory. Today its(More)
We demonstrate controllable excitation of the center-of-mass longitudinal motion of a thermal antiproton plasma using a swept-frequency autoresonant drive. When the plasma is cold, dense, and highly collective in nature, we observe that the entire system behaves as a single-particle nonlinear oscillator, as predicted by a recent theory. In contrast, only a(More)