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Fatty alcohols play a variety of biological roles in all kingdoms of life. Fatty acyl reductase (FAR) enzymes catalyze the reduction of fatty acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) or fatty acyl-acyl carrier protein substrates to primary fatty alcohols. FAR enzymes have distinct substrate specificities with regard to chain length and degree of saturation. FAR5 (At3g44550)(More)
The expression of class I transplantation antigens encoded in the major histocompatibility complex (H-2 in mouse, HLA in man) can be induced by alpha-, beta- and gamma-interferons. Both transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms have been postulated. Recently, a common sequence has been found in the promoter region of several human genes responsive(More)
It is now widely accepted that tumour-promoting phorbol esters activate a Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) both in vitro and in intact cells, and that the kinase represents a major cellular phorbol ester-binding protein. The phorbol esters act as analogues of diacylglycerol, a natural regulator of protein kinase C, and(More)
Primary long-chain fatty alcohols are present in a variety of phyla. In eukaryotes, the production of fatty alcohols is catalyzed by fatty acyl-CoA reductase (FAR) enzymes that convert fatty acyl-CoAs or acyl-ACPs into fatty alcohols. Here, we report on the biochemical properties of a purified plant FAR, Arabidopsis FAR6 (AtFAR6). In vitro assays show that(More)
Using SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, we investigated the difference in the molecular structure between human and bovine ceruloplasmin. In both cases, we found that the protein is present in two majors forms of different molecular mass. The difference between human and bovine ceruloplasmin was more obvious when characterized by MALDI-TOF than with(More)
The intracellular level of each tRNA species is adjusted to the codon frequency of the mRNA being decoded. This was first observed in such highly differentiated cells as the silk gland of Bombyx mori, which produces fibroin and sericin, and the rabbit reticulocyte. tRNA adaptation also occurs in other cell types from E. coli to mammalian cells. Regardless(More)
Human platelets contained proteins which cross-reacted with antisera specific for brain protein kinase C-alpha and -beta. When platelets were incubated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate there was a rapid accumulation of protein kinase C-alpha in the particulate fraction associated with a loss of this subspecies from the soluble fraction. No(More)