Ashley D. Sparrow

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The Antarctic Dry Valleys are regarded as one of the harshest terrestrial habitats on Earth because of the extremely cold and dry conditions. Despite the extreme environment and scarcity of conspicuous primary producers, the soils contain organic carbon and heterotrophic micro-organisms and invertebrates. Potential sources of organic compounds to sustain(More)
We investigated leaf and shoot architecture in relation to growth irradiance (Qint) in young and mature trees of a New Zealand native gymnosperm Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl. to determine tree size-dependent and age-dependent controls on light interception efficiency. A binomial 3-D turbid medium model was constructed to distinguish between differences(More)
Acclimation potential of needle photosynthetic capacity varies greatly among pine species, but the underlying chemical, anatomical and morphological controls are not entirely understood. We investigated the light-dependent variation in needle characteristics in individuals of Pinus patula Schlect. & Cham., which has 19-31-cm long pendulous needles, and(More)
The extremely cold and arid Antarctic dry valleys are one of the most environmentally harsh terrestrial ecosystems supporting organisms in which the biogeochemical transformations of carbon are exclusively driven by microorganisms. The natural abundance of (13)C and (15)N in source organic materials and soils have been examined to obtain evidence for the(More)
Understanding successional trends in energy and matter exchange across the ecosystem-atmosphere boundary layer is an essential focus in ecological research; however, a general theory describing the observed pattern remains elusive. This paper examines whether the principle of maximum entropy production could provide the solution. A general framework is(More)
Pooled venom of peninsula tiger snakes (Notechis ater niger) from 11 insular populations and one mainland area, and from a single population of the mainland tiger snake (N. scutatus) were subjected to SDS-PAGE and gel filtration chromatography. At least 20 proteins were resolved in the SDS-PAGE, some of which were common to all populations, but many others(More)
The ‘Competitive Exclusion Principle’ is a foundation stone in the understanding of interspecific competition and niche relationships between species. In spite of having the status of a biological law, the principle has limited empirical support. In this study, we document strong effects of competition from the invading fish species vendace Coregonus albula(More)
Often the limits of detection of genetically engineered organisms (GEOs, LMOs, GMOs) determine what legislation sets as thresholds of allowable contamination of the human food chain with GEOs. Many countries have legislation that is triggered by certain thresholds of contamination. Importantly, international trade in food and animal feed is becoming(More)