Ashley Behrens

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OBJECTIVES To determine the reported incidence of acute endophthalmitis following cataract extraction over time and to explore possible contributing factors, such as type of cataract incision. METHODS A systematic review of English-language articles was conducted by performing a broad search of PubMed from 1963 through March 2003 using such terms as(More)
PURPOSE To develop current treatment recommendations for dry eye disease from consensus of expert advice. METHODS Of 25 preselected international specialists on dry eye, 17 agreed to participate in a modified, 2-round Delphi panel approach. Based on available literature and standards of care, a survey was presented to each panelist. A two-thirds majority(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual incidence rate of presumed endophthalmitis after cataract surgery, evaluate any changes in this rate over time, and examine demographic risk factors for endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. DESIGN Population-based review of Medicare beneficiary claims data. DATA SOURCE Medicare 5% sample beneficiary data files for(More)
PURPOSE To present the first 3 cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), unresponsive to medical treatment, that were successfully treated with a novel adjunctive therapy using ultraviolet light A (UVA) and riboflavin (B2). DESIGN Interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS Two patients with confirmed AK and 1 patient with presumptive AK, which were all(More)
Autologous serum has been used to treat dry eye syndrome for many years. It contains several growth factors, vitamins, fibronectin and other components that have been considered important for corneal and conjunctival integrity. Serum eye drops are usually prepared as an unpreserved blood solution. The serum is by nature well tolerated and its biochemical(More)
PURPOSE To determine the most favorable sutureless incision configuration to minimize extraocular fluid inflow after cataract surgery. SETTING The Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. METHODS Five fresh human eyes were used in the study. Two 27-gauge needles connected to a saline solution bag and a digital manometer were inserted through the(More)
BACKGROUND Sutureless clear corneal cataract incisions may be associated with an increased risk of endophthalmitis. OBJECTIVE To assess the degree of ocular surface fluid ingress into the anterior chamber of cadaveric human globes with clear corneal wounds. METHODS Self-sealing clear corneal incisions were created in 4 eyes, and intraocular pressure was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of acute endophthalmitis following penetrating keratoplasty (PK) over time. METHODS A systematic review of English-language articles was conducted by performing a broad search of the PubMed database from 1963 through March 2003 using such keywords as penetrating keratoplasty, endophthalmitis, and postoperative(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of topical human amniotic fluid (HAF) in the treatment of ocular acute alkali burns in mice. DESIGN Experimental study. METHODS A chemical burn with 2 microl of sodium hydroxide 0.15 mol/l was created in one eye of 30 mice. The animals were divided into gender- and age-matched groups according to the topical treatment(More)
PURPOSE Endophthalmitis is a rare but sight-threatening infection after cataract surgery. Roughly one third of eyes remain blind after treatment. We report United States population-based data on microbiological investigations and treatment patterns plus risk factors for poor outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Medicare(More)