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To evaluate the relationship between physical characteristics of the lips during vowel production and vowel lipreading confusions, four female talkers were videotaped producing 15 American English vowels and diphthongs in an /h/-V-/g/ context. Ten normal-hearing adults identified the stimuli through lipreading. Three analyses were performed. First, using(More)
A new procedure is described for measuring loudness discomfort levels (LDLs) for the purpose of selecting SSPL90 characteristics of hearing aids. The person is seated in sound field wearing a high-output hearing aid (with a known amount of 2 cm3 coupler gain) connected to a personal earmold. The loudness of frequency-specific signals is rated from a series(More)
Visual recognition of consonants was studied in 31 hearing-impaired adults before and after 14 hours of concentrated, individualized, spechreading training. Confusions were analyzed via a hierarchical clustering technique to derive categories of visual contrast among the consonants. Pretraining and posttraining results were compared to reveal the effects of(More)
The purpose of this research was to determine some of the effects of consonant recognition training on the speech recognition performance of hearing-impaired adults. Two groups of ten subjects each received seven hours of either auditory or visual consonant recognition training, in addition to a standard two-week, group-oriented, inpatient aural(More)
Judgments of consonant similarity were obtained from subjects who had normal hearing, high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, or relatively flat sensorineural hearing loss. The individual differences model through program INDSCAL was used to derive a set of perceptual features empirically from the similarity judgments, and to group the subjects on the(More)
This study was concerned with the extraction, description, and verification of visual perceptual features underlying vowel lipreading performance. Ten viewers with normal hearing rated the visual similarity of pairs of 15 vowels and diphthongs presented in an /h-g/ context by four speakers. Multidimensional scaling techniques were used to extract potential(More)
A tinnitus questionnaire was completed by 200 new hearing aid users. The results indicated that 62% experienced tinnitus, with 43.5% reporting frequent or continuous presence. Thirteen of the 200 patients rated their tinnitus as severe. Approximately one-half of the respondents with tinnitus reported that their hearing aids provided either partial or total(More)
A new method of training auditory-visual speech reception is described and evaluated on an experimental group of 12 hearing-impaired adult patients. The method involves simultaneous, live presentation of the visible and acoustic components of the therapist's speech, where the acoustic signal is degraded under the therapist's control with a voice-activated(More)
This investigation identifies correlates of psychological dimensions in talker similarity. Twenty adult male talkers recorded a monosyllabic word, and 13 acoustic measurements were made from spectrograms of each talker's production. All possible pairs of voices were presented to 11 adult listeners for similarity judgments via a paired-comparison paradigm. A(More)