Ashleigh M. Byrne

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The degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) by toluene-oxidizing bacteria has been extensively studied, and yet the influence of environmental conditions and physiological characteristics of individual strains has received little attention. To consider these effects, the levels of TCE degradation by strains distinguishable on the basis of toluene and nitrate(More)
The tbu regulon of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1 encodes enzymes involved in the catabolism of toluene, benzene, and related alkylaromatic hydrocarbons. The first operon in this regulon contains genes that encode the tbu pathway's initial catabolic enzyme, toluene-3-monooxygenase, as well as TbuT, the NtrC-like transcriptional activator for the entire regulon.(More)
During liquid preservation under blood bank conditions, red cell membranes inexorably undergo damage that decreases erythrocyte survival after transfusion. Accordingly, we have surveyed membrane skeletal protein interactions during storage. We uncovered a decrease in the in vitro formation of spectrin-actin complex in the absence (50%) or presence (60%) of(More)
Burkholderia pickettii PKO1 metabolizes toluene and benzene via a chromosomally encoded toluene-3-monooxygenase pathway. Expression of the toluene-3-monooxygenase operon (tbuA1UBVA2C) is activated by the regulator, TbuT, in the presence of toluene. We have identified the TbuT coding region downstream of the toluene-3-monooxygenase structural genes by(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is one of the most common retinal degenerative conditions affecting people worldwide, and is currently incurable. It is characterized by the progressive loss of photoreceptors, in which the death of rod cells leads to the secondary death of cone cells; the cause of eventual blindness. As rod cells die, retinal-oxygen metabolism(More)
Indirect evidence suggests that the genetic defect in hereditary spherocytosis lies in the erythrocyte membrane skeleton, a submembranous meshwork of proteins (principally spectrin, actin, and protein 4.1) responsible for membrane shape and structural stability. To test this premise we systematically assayed the interactions of spectrin, the major skeletal(More)
The nucleotide (nt) sequence and gene organization of the locus encoding the initial step of the toluene-3-monooxygenase (Tbu) pathway from Pseudomonas pickettii PKO1 has been determined. This is the first reported nt sequence for a toluene monooxygenase which hydroxylates the C-3 position of toluene. Six tightly assembled structural genes encoding several(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequences of IS406 (1368 bp) and IS407 (1236 bp), two insertion sequence (IS) elements isolated from Pseudomonas cepacia 249 on the basis of their abilities to activate the expression of the lac genes of Tn951. IS406 and IS407 when inserted into the lac promoter/operator region of Tn951 generated, respectively, duplications(More)
We have previously reported on the organization of a unique toluene-3-monooxygenase pathway for the degradation of alkyl-substituted petroleum hydrocarbons including characteristics of the second step in the pathway transforming phenols to catechols. In the present work we have focused on the regulation and unusual genetic organization of this metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Isoforms of the PDE4 family of cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are expressed in a cell type-dependent manner and contribute to underpinning the paradigm of intracellular cAMP signal compartmentalisation. Here we identify the differential regulation of the PDE4D7 isoform during prostate cancer progression and uncover a role in controlling(More)