Ashkan Eftekhari

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BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated whether the tissue transglutaminase inhibitor cystamine is able to inhibit remodelling of small arteries in vivo, a possibility suggested by recent in vitro experiments. METHODS Using osmotic minipumps, phenylephrine, cystamine and/or amlodipine were infused for 1-2 weeks into 9-week-old Wistar rats. Small arteries were(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue transglutaminase (t-TG) has been implicated in small artery remodelling. The aim of this study was to determine if cystamine, an inhibitor of t-TG, could reduce blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and if so to what extent this is mediated through small arteries. METHODS In vitro inhibition of t-TG, with cystamine, was(More)
BACKGROUND Essential hypertension is characterized by small artery remodeling and increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR). We hypothesized that changes in SVR index (SVRI) were associated with measures of small artery structure as reflected by minimum coronary and forearm vascular resistance (C-Rmin and F-Rmin, respectively). Also, we investigated how(More)
BACKGROUND Increased microvascular resistance and small artery remodelling are key abnormalities in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension. We investigated the relation between the impairment of coronary and forearm minimum vascular resistances (C-Rmin and F-Rmin) and the degree of hypertension. METHOD Seventy-five never-treated essential(More)
OBJECTIVES Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive therapy with long-term anti-anginal effects offered to patients with refractory angina pectoris. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of EECP on myocardial contractility measured as global longitudinal strain (GLS) during EECP treatment. DESIGN Patients with(More)
Aims Fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography (FFRCT) has high diagnostic performance in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). The diagnostic performance of FFRCT in patients with hypertension (HTN) and diabetes (DM), who are at risk of microvascular impairment, is not known. Methods and results We analysed the diagnostic(More)
A 52-year old man was admitted with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and he was resuscitated after 100 minutes. The initial hemodynamic condition was critical due to cardiogenic shock (left ventricular ejection fraction 10 % and mean arterial pressure 60 mmHg on inotropics). Acute coronary angiography did not reveal any new lesions. Due to persistent(More)
Article history: Received 16 December 2015 Accepted 3 January 2016 Available online 7 January 2016 trol coronary angiogram did not reveal any acute lesions. Due to hemodynamic instability, the patient was placed on cardiopulmonary support (CPS) via femoral access emergently. We decided to replace the aortic valve to improve the hemodynamic condition, but(More)
Objectives Previous studies have suggested that urine albumin excretion (UAE) mirrors generalized vascular damage; however, it is unclear to which degree UAE mirrors small artery impairment. Design We enrolled 67 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension (EH) during stable antihypertensive therapy. F-Rmin, ACR on three non-consecutive morning urine(More)