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Fake, counterfeit, or adulterated products have become a dangerous reality to consumers in developing countries. High value-added products are of particular concern, with pharmaceuticals topping the list, followed by packaged food. The prevalence of mobile phones, even in the poorest communities, and the availability of text-messaging, suggest that they may(More)
In order to study the effects of nicotine on liver, groups of rats were given nicotine doses that simulated those seen in chronic smoking (54 and 108 mumol/l of nicotine) for 10 days. A subgroup was also given a single subcutaneous injection of 6 g/kg of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) shortly before the animals of the group were killed. Histology demonstrated(More)
With the explosive international growth in mobile phone adoption, there is an increasing number of text message-based applications providing mission-critical services to mobile phone owners. With such an unexpected leap in the mobile subscriber base, questions have arisen over the reliability of Short Message Service (SMS) as a communication channel in(More)
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