Asher Peretz

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Protein kinase C (PKC) is a key enzyme for many cellular processes but its physiological roles are poorly understood. An excellent opportunity to investigate the function of PKC has been provided by the identification of an eye-specific PKC in Drosophila and a null PKC mutant, inaCP209 (refs 5,6). Bright conditioning lights delivered to inaC photoreceptors(More)
The voltage-dependent M-type potassium current (M-current) plays a major role in controlling brain excitability by stabilizing the membrane potential and acting as a brake for neuronal firing. The KCNQ2/Q3 heteromeric channel complex was identified as the molecular correlate of the M-current. Furthermore, the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 channel alpha subunits are(More)
Schwann cells (SCs) are responsible for myelination of nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system. Voltage-dependent K+ currents, including inactivating A-type (KA), delayed-rectifier (KD), and inward-rectifier (KIR) K+ channels, constitute the main conductances found in SCs. Physiological studies have shown that KD channels may play an important role in(More)
The slow IKS K+ channel plays a major role in repolarizing the cardiac action potential and consists of the assembly of KCNQ1 and KCNE1 subunits. Mutations in either KCNQ1 or KCNE1 genes produce the long-QT syndrome, a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. Here, we show that long-QT mutations located in the KCNQ1 C terminus impair calmodulin (CaM)(More)
In the nervous system, Src family tyrosine kinases are thought to be involved in cell growth, migration, differentiation, apoptosis, as well as in myelination and synaptic plasticity. Emerging evidence indicates that K+ channels are crucial targets of Src tyrosine kinases. However, most of the data accumulated so far refer to heterologous expression, and(More)
1. The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique and immunoprecipitation experiments were used to investigate the effects of tyrosine kinases on voltage-dependent K+ channel gating in cultured mouse Schwann cells. 2. Genistein, a broad-spectrum tyrosine kinase inhibitor, markedly reduced the amplitude of a slowly inactivating delayed-rectifier(More)
Photoreceptors of dissociated Drosophila retinae were loaded with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicators, fluo-3 and Calcium Green-5N. In fluo-3-loaded, wild-type photoreceptors, a rapid increase in fluorescence (Ca2+ signal) accompanied the light-evoked inward current. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ greatly reduced the Ca2+ signal, indicating Ca2+ influx as its(More)
The LQT1 locus (KCNQ1) has been correlated with the most common form of inherited long QT (LQT) syndrome. LQT patients suffer from syncopal episodes and high risk of sudden death. The KCNQ1 gene encodes KvLQT1 alpha-subunits, which together with auxiliary IsK (KCNE1, minK) subunits form IK(s) K(+) channels. Mutant KvLQT1 subunits may be associated either(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of apamin-sensitive, small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents in human leukemic Jurkat T cells. Using a combined cDNA and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction cloning strategy, we have isolated from Jurkat T cells a 2.5-kilobase cDNA, hSK2, encoding the human isoform of SK2 channels.(More)
The M-type K(+) current (M-current), encoded by Kv7.2/3 (KCNQ2/3) K(+) channels, plays a critical role in regulating neuronal excitability because it counteracts subthreshold depolarizations. Here we have characterized the functions of pre- and postsynaptic M-channels using a novel Kv7.2/3 channel opener, NH6, which we synthesized as a new derivative of(More)