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The voltage-dependent M-type potassium current (M-current) plays a major role in controlling brain excitability by stabilizing the membrane potential and acting as a brake for neuronal firing. The KCNQ2/Q3 heteromeric channel complex was identified as the molecular correlate of the M-current. Furthermore, the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 channel alpha subunits are(More)
Elevated extracellular K(+) ([K(+)](o)), in the absence of "classical" immunological stimulatory signals, was found to itself be a sufficient stimulus to activate T cell beta1 integrin moieties, and to induce integrin-mediated adhesion and migration. Gating of T cell voltage-gated K(+) channels (Kv1.3) appears to be the crucial "decision-making" step,(More)
The LQT1 locus (KCNQ1) has been correlated with the most common form of inherited long QT (LQT) syndrome. LQT patients suffer from syncopal episodes and high risk of sudden death. The KCNQ1 gene encodes KvLQT1 alpha-subunits, which together with auxiliary IsK (KCNE1, minK) subunits form IK(s) K(+) channels. Mutant KvLQT1 subunits may be associated either(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is a key enzyme for many cellular processes but its physiological roles are poorly understood. An excellent opportunity to investigate the function of PKC has been provided by the identification of an eye-specific PKC in Drosophila and a null PKC mutant, inaCP209 (refs 5,6). Bright conditioning lights delivered to inaC photoreceptors(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes are molecular targets of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the most used medication worldwide. However, the COX enzymes are not the sole molecular targets of NSAIDs. Recently, we showed that two NSAIDs, diclofenac and meclofenamate, also act as openers of Kv7.2/3 K(+) channels underlying the neuronal M-current. Here(More)
The slow IKS K+ channel plays a major role in repolarizing the cardiac action potential and consists of the assembly of KCNQ1 and KCNE1 subunits. Mutations in either KCNQ1 or KCNE1 genes produce the long-QT syndrome, a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. Here, we show that long-QT mutations located in the KCNQ1 C terminus impair calmodulin (CaM)(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (PTP epsilon) is strongly expressed in the nervous system; however, little is known about its physiological role. We report that mice lacking PTP epsilon exhibit hypomyelination of sciatic nerve axons at an early post-natal age. This occurs together with increased activity of delayed- rectifier, voltage-gated potassium(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of apamin-sensitive, small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents in human leukemic Jurkat T cells. Using a combined cDNA and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction cloning strategy, we have isolated from Jurkat T cells a 2.5-kilobase cDNA, hSK2, encoding the human isoform of SK2 channels.(More)
In the nervous system, Src family tyrosine kinases are thought to be involved in cell growth, migration, differentiation, apoptosis, as well as in myelination and synaptic plasticity. Emerging evidence indicates that K+ channels are crucial targets of Src tyrosine kinases. However, most of the data accumulated so far refer to heterologous expression, and(More)
Schwann cells (SCs) are responsible for myelination of nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system. Voltage-dependent K+ currents, including inactivating A-type (KA), delayed-rectifier (KD), and inward-rectifier (KIR) K+ channels, constitute the main conductances found in SCs. Physiological studies have shown that KD channels may play an important role in(More)