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BACKGROUND Sleep fragmentation and periodic leg movement syndrome (PLMS) have been reported in adults with iron deficiency anemia. Little is known about sleep function and daytime sleepiness in children with chronic anemia such as beta-thalassemia or congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type 1 (CDA-1). OBJECTIVES To investigate if children and adolescents(More)
In an attempt to understand the metabolism by the liver of fatty acids (FA) of different chain length, we have studied the incorporation of [1(-14)C]-labeled C2, C8, C10, C12, and C16 into cellular lipids by HepG-2 cells. Over 90% of the radiolabeled FA were detected in phospholipids (PL) and triacylglycerols (TAG). The incorporation of C12 and C16 was(More)
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) type I is an inherited disorder characterized by macrocytic anemia with pathognomonic morphologic ultrastructural features of the erythroid precursors. The authors recently cloned the CDAN1 gene and identified one founder missense mutation in all of their Bedouin patients. In a previous study, the authors found that(More)
The effect of a lipid emulsion containing long-chain triglycerides (LCT) and supplemented with L-carnitine on plasma lipids and bilirubin in premature neonates on total parenteral nutrition was compared to that of lipid emulsions containing either LCT or a mixture of LCT and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT). In a double-blind randomized study 49 premature(More)
The effects of an intravenously administered lipid emulsion supplemented with gamma-linolenic acid on the fatty acid profile of premature infants were compared with those of two conventional lipid emulsions. Fifty-nine premature neonates receiving total parenteral nutrition were randomly assigned to receive either fat emulsion containing gamma-linolenic(More)
Structured lipid emulsion, an innovative approach in which both medium-chain and long-chain fatty acids are esterified to the same glycerol backbone, has been recently shown to be a safe and efficient way of providing energy to patients requiring parenteral nutrition. As yet, no assessment has been made of its safety and effect on liver functions during(More)
Acute idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in the pediatric population is a disease in which autoimmune features are mainly self-limited, with a reported mortality of 0.1-0.5%. Major treatment requires intravenous gammaglobulins (i.v. IgG) and corticosteroids. Recently a new globulin, anti-D, has been introduced. The authors have treated 25(More)
OBJECTIVES Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) type I is a rare autosomal recessive macrocytic anemia whose natural history is not well documented. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical picture of the disease in young adults. METHODS The study sample consisted of 17 patients of mean age 11.9 +/- 5.4 yr (range 18-33 yr) and one(More)
Hypocholesterolemia of unknown etiology has been previously described in various chronic anemias. Few small studies also suggested that those patients have a lower incidence of atherosclerotic events. The aim of our study was to determine the extent of hypocholesterolemia in various types of anemias. We studied 59 patients with chronic anemias associated(More)