Ashakumary Lakshmikuttyamma

Learn More
Calpastatin is an endogenous inhibitor of calpain, which has been implicated in various physiological and pathological processes. In the present study we determined the molecular and inhibitory properties of HMWCaMBP, calpastatin I, and calpastatin II. Western blot analysis with antibodies raised against either full length HMWCaMBP or internal peptides that(More)
The response of living cells to change in cell environment depends on the action of second messenger molecules. The two second messenger molecules cAMP and Ca2+ regulate a large number of eukaryotic cellular events. Calmodulin-stimulated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE1) is one of the key enzymes involved in the complex interaction between cAMP and(More)
siRNA is currently the most widely studied form of RNAi, and it has promising therapeutic potential not just in cancer but also in other diseases such as autoimmune and infectious diseases. However, efficient delivery of siRNA to target cells is being limited by lack of an effective delivery system that ensures efficient transfection into cells while(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cause of cancer death in the Western world. Calcineurin (CaN), a Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein phosphatase, is important for Ca2+-mediated signal transduction. The main objective of this study is to examine the potential role of Ca2+/CaM-dependent protein phosphatase in both normal and in invasive(More)
BACKGROUND RIZ1 expression and activity are reduced in many cancers. In AML cell lines and patient material, RIZ1 expression is reduced relative to normal bone marrow. In chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), blastic transformation is associated with loss of heterozygosity in the region where RIZ1 is located. RIZ1 is a PR domain methyltransferase that(More)
Reexpression of hypermethylated tumor suppressor genes using DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and histone deacetylase inhibitors occurs by a mechanism whereby promoter demethylation is the dominant event. In support of this model, we found in acute myeloid leukemia cells with hypermethylated p15INK4B and E-cadherin promoters that the DNMT inhibitor,(More)
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by a lack in estrogen, progesterone, and epidermal growth factor 2 receptors. TNBC exhibits most of the characteristics of basal-like and claudin-low breast cancer subtypes. The main contributor in the mortality of TNBC is due to the higher invasive and migratory ability of these tumor cells. Some plant(More)
N-Myristoylation is a co-translational, irreversible addition of a fatty acyl moiety to the amino terminus of many eukaryotic cellular proteins. This modification is catalyzed by N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) and is recognized to be a widespread and functionally important modification of proteins. The myristoylated Src family kinases are involved in various(More)
Bcr-Abl oncogene is responsible for the initial phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), which is effectively treated by the Bcr-Abl inhibitor imatinib. Over time patients become resistant to treatment and progress to blast crisis, an event that is driven by additional genetic and epigenetic aberrations. Recently, we showed that Riz1 expression(More)
The Na,K-ATPase or sodium pump carries out the coupled extrusion of Na(+) and uptake of K(+) across the plasma membranes of cells of most higher eukaryotes. We have shown earlier that Na,K-ATPase-β 1 (NaK-β) protein levels are highly reduced in poorly differentiated kidney carcinoma cells in culture and in patients' tumor samples. The mechanism(s)(More)