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Vertebral hydatidosis is a relatively silent and slowly progressive disease with a latent period of many years. The prognosis for neurologic recovery in hydatid disease of the spine generally is regarded as poor and posterior surgical decompression is associated with a high recurrence rate. Reported here are the results after a long-term followup of four… (More)
Forty-seven patients with cervical spine trauma were evaluated prospectively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography (MRA) to determine the incidence of vertebral artery injury. Twelve patients (25%) had vertebral artery injuries (one bilateral), and occlusion was identified in nine patients and dissection in four. The vertebral artery injury… (More)
Fresh-frozen allografts from the humerus were used to help to stabilise the spine after anterior decompression for tuberculosis in 47 children with a mean age of 4.2 years (2 to 9). The average angle of the gibbus, before operation, was 53 degrees; at follow-up, two years later, it was 15 degrees. Rejection of the graft or deep sepsis was not seen. Cross… (More)
BACKGROUND Paediatric burns are a significant international public health problem. Developing and developed countries report similar challenges regarding paediatric burn prevention programs. Paediatric burns requiring healthcare often incur significant health and opportunity costs, death or long-term disability. This paper reviews international burn… (More)
total of 39 HIV-infected adults with spinal tuberculosis underwent anterior spinal decompression for neurological deficit. Fresh-frozen allografts were used in 38 patients. Antituberculous drugs were prescribed for 18 months, but antiretroviral therapy was not used. Six patients died within two years of surgery. Neurological recovery and allograft… (More)
We report two cases of vertebral osteochondroma. In one patient a solitary cervical lesion presented as entrapment neuropathy of the ulnar nerve and in the other as a thoracic tumour associated with hereditary multiple exostoses producing paraplegia. We highlight the importance of an adequate preoperative evaluation in such patients.
We have treated seven patients with cryptococcal spondylitis. Five presented with a neurological deficit and one was HIV-positive. Amphotericin-B and 5-flucytosine were used in five patients and ketoconazole was given orally in the remaining two. Three patients made a complete neurological recovery. Since these lesions mimic spinal tuberculosis, which is… (More)
We report on five patients with Salmonella typhi spondylitis who were immunologically normal and had no prodromal gastrointestinal illness. The diagnosis was confirmed on blood cultures, Widal test, and needle biopsy of the spine. Appropriate antibiotic treatment resulted in a favorable outcome.
Sixteen patients had paraplegia due to tuberculosis of the cervicodorsal junction. Spinal decompression was performed through an extended lower cervical approach, and a humeral allograft was used to reconstruct the anterior column. All patients improved neurologically with satisfactory correction of the deformity and successful incorporation of the… (More)
BACKGROUND Injuries and deaths from burns are a serious, yet preventable health problem globally. This paper describes burns in a cohort of children admitted to the Red Cross Children's Hospital, in Cape Town, South Africa.This six month retrospective case note review looked at a sample of consecutively admitted patients from the 1 st April 2007 to the 30… (More)