Asaomi Kuwae

Learn More
We investigated the supramolecular structure of the SHIGELLA: type III secretion machinery including its major components. Our results indicated that the machinery was composed of needle and basal parts with respective lengths of 45.4 +/- 3.3 and 31.6 +/- 0.3 nm, and contained MxiD, MxiG, MxiJ and MxiH. spa47, encoding a putative F(1)-type ATPase, was(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli delivers a subset of effectors into host cells via a type III secretion system, and this step is required for the progression of disease. Here, we show that the type III effectors, EspG and its homolog Orf3, trigger actin stress fiber formation and the destruction of the microtubule networks beneath adherent bacteria. Both(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) delivers a subset of effectors into host cells via a type III secretion system. Here we show that the type III effector EspG and its homologue EspG2 alter epithelial paracellular permeability. When MDCK cells were infected with wild-type (WT) EPEC, RhoA was activated, and this event was dependent on the delivery of(More)
Various pathogenic bacteria such as Shigella deliver effector proteins into mammalian cells via the type III secretion system. The delivered Shigella effectors have been shown to variously affect host functions required for efficient bacterial internalization into the cells. In the present study, we investigated the IpaH proteins for their ability to be(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) secretes many Esps (E. coli-secreted proteins) and effectors via the type III secretion (TTS) system. We previously identified a novel needle complex (NC) composed of a basal body and a needle structure containing an expandable EspA sheath-like structure as a central part of the EPEC TTS apparatus. To further(More)
The virulence of the human pathogen Shigella flexneri is dependent on both chromosome- and large-virulence-plasmid-encoded genes. A kanamycin resistance cassette mutation in the miaA gene (miaA::Km Sma), which encodes the tRNA N6-isopentyladenosine (i6A37) synthetase and is involved in the first step of the synthesis of the modified nucleoside(More)
BACKGROUND Bordetella pertussis is the primary etiologic agent of the disease pertussis. Universal immunization programs have contributed to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality of pertussis; however, incidence of the disease, especially in adolescents and adults, has increased in several countries despite high vaccination coverage. During the(More)
Shigella deliver a subset of effectors into the host cell via the type III secretion system, that stimulate host cell signal pathways to modulate the actin dynamics required for invasion of epithelial cells. Here we show that one of the Shigella effectors, called VirA, can interact with tubulin to promote microtubule (MT) destabilization, and elicit(More)
The type III secretion system (T3SS) is a sophisticated protein secretion machinery that delivers bacterial virulence proteins into host cells. A needle-tip protein, Bsp22 , is one of the secreted substrates of the T3SS and plays an essential role in the full function of the T3SS in Bordetella bronchiseptica. In this study, we found that BB1618 functions as(More)
The type III secretion system (T3SS) plays a key role in the exertion of full virulence by Bordetella bronchiseptica. However, little is known about the environmental stimuli that induce expression of T3SS genes. Here, it is reported that iron starvation is a signal for T3SS gene expression in B. bronchiseptica. It was found that, when B. bronchiseptica is(More)