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The aim of this study was to examine whether stimulation of β3-adrenoceptors dilates rat retinal blood vessels and how diabetes affects the vasodilator responses. Images of ocular fundus were captured with an original high-resolution digital fundus camera in vivo. The retinal vascular responses were evaluated by measuring diameter of retinal blood vessels(More)
Gilbert syndrome is a mild hereditary unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia caused by mutations in the bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene (UGT1A1). The mutation, A(TA)7TAA, is thought to be the sole cause of the syndrome in Caucasians, but an enhancer polymorphism (T-3279G) that lowers transcriptional activity has recently been reported. We have tested(More)
The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) family plays a major role in the excretion of endobiotics and xenobiotics and their metabolites. Human UGT1A4 catalyzes the glucuronidation of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, sapogenins, androgens, and progestins. We directly sequenced polymerase chain reaction-amplified fragments of the UGT1A4 gene from 100(More)
We examined the effects of vasodilatory prostaglandins (prostacyclin and prostaglandin E(2)) and selective agonists for prostanoid EP(2) and EP(4) receptor on the diameters of retinal blood vessels and fundus (retinal/choroidal) blood flow in rats. Male Wistar rats (8- to 10-week-old) were treated with tetrodotoxin (50 microg/kg, i.v.) to eliminate any(More)
Uridine 5'-diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are part of a major elimination pathway for endobiotics and xenobiotics. UGT1A9 is a UGT that catalyses the conjugation of endogenous oestrogenic and thyroid hormones, acetaminophen, SN-38 (an active metabolite of irinotecan) and phenols. UGT1A9 is the only isoform that catalyses the glucuronidation of(More)
Oxaliplatin frequently causes peripheral neuropathy. Clinical studies have indicated that pregabalin ameliorates oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. However, pregabalin frequently causes dizziness and somnolence. We previously reported that elcatonin, a synthetic analog of eel calcitonin, attenuated oxaliplatin-induced cold and mechanical allodynia(More)
Recent studies have shown that the retinal blood vessels are damaged in experimental models of retinal degeneration, but the mechanisms underlying their damage are not fully understood. In this study, we examined the possible role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β in retinal neuron loss and capillary degeneration induced in rats by an intravitreal(More)
CONTEXT Mutations in dual oxidase (DUOX2) have been proposed as a cause of congenital hypothyroidism. Previous reports suggest that biallelic mutations of DUOX2 cause permanent congenital hypothyroidism and that monoallelic mutations cause transient congenital hypothyroidism. OBJECTIVE To clarify the inheritance of hypothyroidism, we looked at the DUOX2(More)
Diabetes alters retinal hemodynamics, but little is known about the impact of diabetes on the role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in the regulation of retinal circulation. Therefore, we examined how diabetes affects the nitric oxide- and prostaglandin-independent vasodilation of retinal arterioles induced by acetylcholine. Male Wistar(More)
We investigated the effects of epinephrine and dopamine on retinal blood vessels in streptozotocin (STZ, 80 mg/kg, i.p.)-treated rats and age-matched control rats to determine whether diabetes mellitus alters the retinal vascular responses to circulating catecholamines. Experiments were performed 6-8 weeks after treatment with STZ or the vehicle. The fundus(More)