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We report here a novel cell culture protocol which facilitates in vitro survival and dendritic differentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells in a monolayer, mixed culture setting. We found that the type of culture medium is a critical factor for the maintenance of these cells. Purkinje cells present in the single cell suspension of embryonic rat cerebellum(More)
Cinnamycin is a unique toxin in that its receptor, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), resides in the inner layer of the plasma membrane. Little is known about how the toxin recognizes PE and causes cytotoxicity. We showed that cinnamycin induced transbilayer phospholipid movement in target cells that leads to the exposure of inner leaflet PE to the toxin. Model(More)
Glial cells support the survival and development of central neurons through the supply of trophic factors. Here we demonstrate that l-serine (l-Ser) and glycine (Gly) also are glia-derived trophic factors. These amino acids are released by astroglial cells and promote the survival, dendritogenesis, and electrophysiological development of cultured cerebellar(More)
Ceramide generated from sphingomyelin has emerged as a new but conserved type of biologically active lipid. We previously found that endogenous sphingolipids are required for the normal growth of cultured cerebellar Purkinje neurons and that sphingomyelin is present abundantly in the somatodendritic region of these cells. To gain further insight into a(More)
We examined the influence of nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides, and their analogs on rat cerebellar Purkinje cells in primary culture and found that the number of cultured Purkinje cells was greatly increased by the nucleobase adenine. Purkinje cells were cultured for 13 days in vitro in the presence of various reagents, and the resulting cell numbers(More)
Recovery of function is of prime importance after peripheral nerve injury and repair. This paper describes a method of obtaining and measuring walking-tracks and generating a Sciatic Function Index (SFI) to quantify functional sciatic nerve recovery in the rat. The reader is provided with a series of walking-tracks to measure, analyze and compare to those(More)
Selective reinnervation was studied by comparing the regeneration across a conventional neurorraphy versus a conduit nerve repair. Lewis rats underwent right sciatic nerve transection followed by one of four different nerve repairs (n = 8/group). In groups I and II a conventional neurorraphy was performed and in groups III and IV the proximal and distal(More)
We identified a novel, nontoxic mushroom protein that specifically binds to a complex of sphingomyelin (SM), a major sphingolipid in mammalian cells, and cholesterol (Chol). The purified protein, termed nakanori, labeled cell surface domains in an SM- and Chol-dependent manner and decorated specific lipid domains that colocalized with inner leaflet small(More)
Dysregulated hepatic cholesterol homeostasis with free cholesterol accumulation in the liver is relevant to the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, contributing to the chronicity of liver toxicity. Here we examined the effect of free cholesterol accumulation on the morphology and biochemical properties of lipid droplets (LDs) in cultured(More)
Cervical myelopathy consequent on ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is very rare in Caucasians. A 65-year-old Anglo-Saxon woman developed progressive gait disturbance, paresthesia in both legs and urinary urge incontinence. Radiological examination showed OPLL from fifth to seventh cervical vertebral level; the dense OPLL was(More)
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