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The mechanisms by which hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces chronic infection in the vast majority of infected individuals are unknown. Sequences within the HCV E1 and E2 envelope genes were analyzed during the acute phase of hepatitis C in 12 patients with different clinical outcomes. Acute resolving hepatitis was associated with relative evolutionary stasis(More)
We investigated the biological activity of W9, a bone resorption inhibitor peptide, using NanoClik nanoparticles as an injectable carrier, where acryloyl group-modified cholesterol-bearing pullulan (CHPOA) nanogels were crosslinked by pentaerythritol tetra (mercaptoethyl) polyoxyethylene. Thirty 5-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were fed a low calcium diet and(More)
A congenital anaplastic infratentorial ependymoma, occurring in a female infant whose sister also died of brain tumor, is described. The tumor, located in the cerebellum and the fourth ventricle, is characterized by predominantly undifferentiated neuroepithelial cells associated with numerous mitoses, and partially of the cells demonstrating differentiation(More)
Unilateral transient cerebral ischemia was produced in Mongolian gerbils by clipping the left common carotid artery for 1 h. About 60% of the gerbils with neurological symptoms had post-ischemic seizures. The majority of those that had seizures died within a few days, and sections of their cerebral cortices contained many dark and shrunken neurons. However,(More)
CagA, encoded by cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA), is a major virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori, a gastric pathogen involved in the development of upper gastrointestinal diseases. Infection with cagA-positive H. pylori may also be associated with diseases outside the stomach, although the mechanisms through which H. pylori infection promotes(More)
A case of congenital cerebellar tumor is reported. The tumor is composed of a few incomplete tubular structures analogous to the neural tube, and of neuroblastic, mature ganglionic, astrocytic, ependymal and undetermined neuroepithelial cells. A tentative diagnosis of congenital cerebellar neuroepithelial tumor with multiple divergent differentiations is(More)
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