Asako Matsushima

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BACKGROUND The gut is considered an important target organ of injury after severe insult such as sepsis, trauma, and shock. The impact of bacterial translocation or mesenteric lymph on systemic inflammatory response and multiple organ damage has been investigated in animals, but dynamic changes in the gut flora and environment have not been fully clarified(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is a serious medical condition that requires rapidly administered, appropriate antibiotic treatment. Conventional methods take three or more days for final pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. We organized a prospective observational multicenter study in three study sites to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy(More)
Gut under severe insult is considered to have an important role in promoting infection and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome from the viewpoint of altered intestinal epithelium, immune system and commensal bacteria. There are few reports, however, about the relationship between gut flora and septic complications. We analyzed gut flora in patients with(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate if synbiotic therapy can correct the deteriorated gut flora and environment in patients with severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Twenty-nine SIRS patients, who fulfilled a serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level >10 mg/dl, received synbiotics (Bifidobacterium breve, Lactobacillus casei, and(More)
BACKGROUND The gut is an important target organ for injury after severe insult, and resolution of feeding intolerance is crucial for critically ill patients. We investigated gut flora and motility to evaluate the impact of gastrointestinal dysmotility on septic complications in patients with severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). METHODS(More)
The gut is an important target organ of injury during critically ill conditions. Although Gram staining is a common and quick method for identifying bacteria, its clinical application has not been fully evaluated in critically ill conditions. This study’s aims were to identify patterns of Gram-stained fecal flora and compare them to cultured bacterial(More)
Innate immunity plays an important role in host defense after severe insult. gammadelta T lymphocytes are recognized as the first line of defense against microbial invasion. In this study, we evaluated gammadelta T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of patients with severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and examined on role of these cells.(More)
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nosocomial infection is a growing concern in both adult and pediatric patients. The reason why TSS appears in only some patients with MRSA infection remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed serial TSS toxin-1 (TSST-1) antibody in patients with burn injury to(More)
The gut is an important target organ for stress caused by severe insults such as sepsis, trauma, burn, shock, bleeding and infection. Severe insult to the gut is considered to have an important role in promoting infectious complications and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. These are sequelae of interactions between deteriorated intestinal epithelium,(More)
OBJECT This study was performed to determine whether moderate hypothermia (31 degrees C) improves clinical outcome in severely head injured patients whose intracranial hypertension cannot be controlled using mild hypothermia (34 degrees C). METHODS Twenty-two consecutive severely head injured patients who fulfilled the following criteria were included in(More)