Aryeh Routtenberg

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Several lines of investigation have helped clarify the role of GAP-43 (FI, B-50 or neuromodulin) in regulating the growth state of axon terminals. In transgenic mice, overexpression of GAP-43 leads to the spontaneous formation of new synapses and enhanced sprouting after injury. Null mutation of the GAP-43 gene disrupts axonal pathfinding and is generally(More)
Protein kinase C activity in rat hippocampal membranes and cytosol was determined 1 minute and 1 hour after induction of the synaptic plasticity of long-term potentiation. At 1 hour after long-term potentiation, but not at 1 minute, protein kinase C activity was increased twofold in membranes and decreased proportionately in cytosol, suggesting(More)
Ramón y Cajal proposed 100 years ago that memory formation requires the growth of nerve cell processes. One-half century later, Hebb suggested that growth of presynaptic axons and postsynaptic dendrites consequent to coactivity in these synaptic elements was essential for such information storage. In the past 25 years, candidate growth genes have been(More)
Protein F1/GAP-43 is a protein kinase C substrate associated with axonal growth and synaptic plasticity. We used in situ hybridization in rat brain to determine the cellular distribution of its gene expression. Throughout the septotemporal axis of the adult hippocampus, pyramidal cells express F1/GAP-43 mRNA, but granule cells do not. To determine if(More)
To study the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and its substrates in neuronal function, we have investigated the in vitro endogenous phosphorylation of the neuronal phosphoprotein F1 after induction of synaptic plasticity by long-term potentiation (LTP). The protein F1 phosphorylation was found to increase 5 min (Routtenberg et al., 1985), 1 hr (Lovinger et(More)
Relating storage of specific information to a particular neuromorphological change is difficult because behavioral performance factors are not readily disambiguated from underlying cognitive processes. This issue is addressed here by demonstrating robust reorganization of the hippocampal mossy fiber terminal field (MFTF) when adult rats learn the location(More)
With the use of appropriate reagents, LTP may be divided into at least two stages, induction and maintenance. Induction of LTP is dependent upon the activation of the NMDA receptor, and the consequent influx of calcium into the postsynaptic cell. Both correlational evidence (measures of PKC activity, protein F1 phosphorylation, and PI turnover) and(More)
Prevailing models of memory identify mRNA translation as necessary for long-lasting information storage. However, there are enough instances of memory storage in the virtual absence of protein synthesis to prompt consideration of alternative models. A comprehensive review of the protein synthesis literature leads us to conclude that the translational(More)