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The brain is unique among organs in many respects, including its mechanisms of lipid synthesis and energy production. The nervous system-specific metabolite N-acetylaspartate (NAA), which is synthesized from aspartate and acetyl-coenzyme A in neurons, appears to be a key link in these distinct biochemical features of CNS metabolism. During early postnatal(More)
Ž. Pineal melatonin synthesis serotonin ™ N-acetylserotonin ™ melatonin is severely compromised in most inbred strains of mice, in Ž. many cases because serotonin is not acetylated by serotonin N-acetyltransferase arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase, AANAT. We have found that in the C57BLr6J strain, AANAT mRNA encodes a severely truncated AANAT protein,(More)
Several reports during the last three decades have indicated that biosynthesis of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) occurs primarily in the mitochondria. But a recent report by Lu et al. in this journal [2004; 122: 71-78] and subsequent two reports that cited those data suggested a predominant microsomal localization of the NAA biosynthetic enzyme, which is(More)
Acetyl coenzyme A synthetase-1 (AceCS1) catalyzes the synthesis of acetyl coenzyme A from acetate and coenzyme A and is thought to play diverse roles ranging from fatty acid synthesis to gene regulation. By using an affinity-purified antibody generated against an 18-mer peptide sequence of AceCS1 and a polyclonal antibody directed against recombinant AceCS1(More)
N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a concentrated, neuron-specific brain metabolite routinely used as a magnetic resonance spectroscopy marker for brain injury and disease. Despite decades of research, the functional roles of NAA remain unclear. Biochemical investigations over several decades have associated NAA with myelin lipid synthesis and energy metabolism.(More)
Patients suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) have decreased markers of energy metabolism, including N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and ATP. In the nervous system, NAA-derived acetate provides acetyl-CoA required for myelin lipid synthesis. Acetate can also be oxidized in mitochondria for the derivation of metabolic energy. In the current study, using the(More)
N-Acetylaspartate (NAA) is employed as a non-invasive marker for neuronal health using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). This utility is afforded by the fact that NAA is one of the most concentrated brain metabolites and that it produces the largest peak in MRS scans of the healthy human brain. NAA levels in the brain are reduced proportionately(More)
Aspartoacylase (ASPA) catalyzes deacetylation of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) to generate acetate and aspartate. Mutations in the gene for ASPA lead to reduced acetate availability in the CNS during development resulting in the fatal leukodystrophy Canavan disease. Highly specific polyclonal antibodies to ASPA were used to examine CNS expression in adult rats.(More)
The most prevalent peptide in the nervous system, N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG), specifically activates N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and a subclass of metabotropic glutamate receptors. One action of this peptide may be to modulate the release of other neurotransmitters, including gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The present study describes the(More)