Arvydas Ambrozaitis

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In a 3-year, randomized, controlled, open-label phase III trial enrolling 3707 adults aged > or = 60 years we evaluated whether the immunogenicity of an intradermal trivalent inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine, containing 15 microg of haemagglutinin per strain per 0.1 ml dose, is superior to that of a conventional intramuscular vaccine. Intradermal(More)
Currently, two intradermal (ID) regimens for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are recommended by WHO and used in countries where approved by national authorities: the Thai Red Cross (TRC) two-site ID regimen and the eight-site ID regimen. Besides these WHO recommended schedules, a new economical four-site ID regimen was evaluated that reduces the cost(More)
The importance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes for disease progression and response to interferon-alpha-based treatment is well established. While almost all patients in the Mediterranean area are infected with HBV genotype D, HBV genotype A is dominant in Northern Europe. However, the distribution of HBV genotypes is unknown for several Central and(More)
BACKGROUND Intradermal vaccination provides direct and potentially more efficient access to the immune system via specialised dendritic cells and draining lymphatic vessels. We investigated the immunogenicity and safety during 3 successive years of different dosages of a trivalent, inactivated, split-virion vaccine against seasonal influenza given(More)
BACKGROUND Antiviral chemoprophylaxis effectiveness for influenza control has not been prospectively established for unvaccinated residents of long-term care facilities. This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of zanamivir against the standard of care (no intervention, ie, placebo) for influenza outbreak control in a largely unvaccinated(More)
Conventional influenza vaccine production methods have limitations due to their reliance on chicken eggs. We evaluated whether a mammalian cell-culture system could reliably produce an influenza vaccine with favourable tolerability and immunogenicity profiles. Adult subjects (n=1200; 18-60 years of age) were randomized (2:2:2:1) to receive either one of(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been studied in many countries. However, little is known about HCV infection in Lithuania, a Baltic country, that was part of the former Soviet Union. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate the etiology of acute viral hepatitis, the risk factors for acquiring HCV(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) has a high rate of chronic evolution; however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. We investigated natural clinical, virological, and immunological course of acute HCV infection in order to identify possible prognostic factors of spontaneous resolution and to gain more understanding of early(More)
Reliable laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), including laboratory biomarkers of cure, remains a challenge. In our study we evaluated the performance of a Propidium Monoazide (PMA) assay for the detection of viable TB bacilli in sputum specimens during anti-TB chemotherapy and its potential use as a TB biomarker. The study was conducted at three(More)
Despite vaccination, influenza remains a common of morbidity in nursing homes. Chemoprophylaxis of residents with currently available antivirals is not always effective and new agents effective against both influenza A and B are needed. In a randomized, unblinded pilot study, we compared 14 day chemoprophylaxis with zanamivir, an antiviral which inhibits(More)